Agriculture of India By Manish Kumar
Agriculture of India The history of Agriculture in India dates back to Indus Valley Civilization Era and even before that in some parts of Southern India. Rigyeda is earliest witten record of agriculture in India. . In the years since its independence, India has made immense progress towards food security. When India became independent in 1947, the agricultural productivity was very low (about 50 million tones).
The agriculture was mainly rained and was being done as a subsistence farming using mainly animate sources of farm power and traditional tools and equipment's. More than 80% of the population living in rural areas on ogricuituore for her liveliarod, was dependent on . Before the mid-1960s India relied on imports and food aid to meet domestic requirements. However, two years of severe drought in 1965 and 1966 convinced India to reform its agricultural policy and that they could not rely on foreign aid and imports for food security
India adopted significant policy reforms focused on the goal of food grain self-sufficiency. . This ushered in India's Green Revolution. It began with the decision to adopt superior yielding, disease resistant wheat varieties in combination with better farming knowledge to improve productivity The state of Punjab led India's green revolution and earned the distinction of being the country's bread basket.
. India's total food grain production soared. A hectare of Indian wheat farm that produced an average of 0.8 tones in 1948, produced 4.7 tones of wheat in 1975 from the same land Such rapid growth in farm productivity enabled India to become self-sufficient by the 1970s. . With agricultural policy success in wheat, India's Green Revolution technology spread to rice.
However, since irrigation infrastructure was very poor, Indian farmers innovated with tube- wells, to harvest ground water. .When gains from the new technology reached their limits in the states of initial adoption, the technology spread in the 1970s and 1980s to the states of eastern India in Bihar, Odisha and West Bengal By 2000, Indian farms were adopting wheat v rieties capable of yielding 6 tones of wheat per hectare
Today Scenario . India's food grain output in 2016-2017 was a record 273.3 million tones For Livelihood nearly 50% of Indians depend up on agriculture sector. . 17 percent in Indian GDP, feeds 1.3 billion people. . Net sown area still accounts for about 47% of the total cultivable area of India . India needs approximately 230 million tones of food per year to feed its population
Food grain Production Year Production(NM T) 1950-5150.8 1960-6182 1970-71 108.4 1980-81129.6 1990-91 176.4 2000-01 196.8 2011-12 259 2012-13 255
In 2018 . Now in 2018 Government says Food grain output is expected to increase 0.9% to 277.49 million tones, exceeding the previous record of 273.3 million tones during 2016-17.
Alumnus of MNNIT Allahabad.7 years of teaching experience.State PCS pre Qualified,Motivate and educate to change society