3rd,September- 2018 THE HINDI Daily Editorial y Nitin Kumar Sing unacademy
For a shift in gear: on managing natural disasters India is prone to disasters. 70% of its coastal areas are prone to tsunamis and cyclones. 60% of its landmass vulnerable to earthquakes. 12% of its land to floods. Parking spaces prioritised at the ground level over structural stability, retrofitting is urgently needed. Earthquake engineering is taught as a specialisation at just a few universities, leading to a serious shortage of retrofitting-trained civil engineering manpower. O In the case of Kerala, in 2003, the Home Ministry had proposed the formation of specialist teams to manage disasters using four units from the Central Industrial Security Force and Indo Tibetan Border Police
It has been the same response, even after the Ockhi disaster when the Centre proposed forming a special team and funding. We are far behind even in forecasting disasters that occur annually. O The Kedarnath floods in 2013, Uttarakhand still has few if any Doppler radars to provide early alerts about cloudbursts and heavy rain. There are few guidelines on construction in flood-prone regions, or even a map of safe zones. Few States have prepared emergency action plans for the over 5,000 large dams in India, with reports of just 200 dams having been covered so far. The effectiveness of the National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) has been hampered by a shortage of manpower, training, infrastructure and equipment. O We need to revise the norms for disaster relief in India.
After a disaster, revenue officials are responsible for visiting affected areas and identifying people for relief, in turn offering scope for misuse and corruption. Such norms also exclude share-croppers and agricultural labourers, while focussing only on small and big farmers. Planned urbanisation can withstand disasters, a shining example being Japan which faces earthquakes at regular intervals. India needs a strong disaster management agency. The India Disaster Resource Network should be institutionalised as a repository for organised information. It's time to move on from being focussed only on managing natural disaster emergencies to improving resilience.
Essay Urbanization and it's hazard - 2008
Nitin Kumar Singh
I have done my B.Tech in Mechanical Engineering from AKTU, Lucknow . Hobbies - playing guitar,drawing,Book,movie, traveling and foodie.