Course: The Hindu in an Examination View Lesson: 28-1-2019 PRESENTED BY:DR.S.N.JAGADESH KUMAR
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SC asks Centre to respond to plea against wire-tapping . SC asked the Centre to respond to a petition challenging laws that allow the government to conduct electronic surveillance of private individuals. .filed in the background of the controversy over the government's December 2018 notification authorising 10 agencies to initiate electronic surveillance. petition, filed by the PUCL, represented by advocate Sanjay Paeikh, has sought urgent safeguards and judicial oversight of government surveillance. challenged Section 5(2) of the Indian Telegraph Act, 1885, read with Rule 419-A of the Indian Telegraph Rules, 1951, as well as Section 69 of the Information Technology Act 2000, together with the Information Technology (Procedure for Safeguards for Interception, Monitoring and Decryption of Information) Rules, 2009.
PUCL highlighted the data, obtained under the Right to Information Act, that showed 7,500-9,000 orders for interception of phone calls and up to 500 orders for interception of emails were passed every month, in an indiscriminate use of surveillance powers. nine-judge Bench of the Supreme Court upheld the right to privacy as a fundamental right under Article 21 and articulated a 'triple test' for permissible restriction - legality, which postulates the existence of law; need, defined in terms of a legitimate state aim; and proportionality, which ensures a rational nexus between the objects and the means adopted to achieve them . Any order for phone-tapping should be sanctioned by the judicial authority to prevent arbitrary and politically motivated decisions
. Seven northeastern States lag behind in toilets for schoolgirls . data analysed from the Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) 2018 report . average of 34.96% schools in the eight northeastern states had usable toilets for girls in 2018 compared to 36.66% in 2016 . National average-75.7% schools Only one-third of schools had usable washrooms in 2018 . Sikkim performed better than the national average of 66.4% last year. But the State's show was overshadowed by the less-than- satisfactory performance by seven other states in the region
Tripura -the lowest percentage . national average was 74.8%.-drinking water According to the report, 2018 completed eight years of compulsory schooling for the first cohort of students to benefit from Right to Education Act 2010. Nation: Nationally, substantial improvements are visible over this eight-year period in the availability of many school facilities mandated by RTE. The fraction of schools with usable girls' toilets doubled, reaching 66.4% in 2018. The percentage of schools with books, other than textbooks, available rose from 62.6% to 74.2% between 2016-18.
. Birdwatchers flock to Odisha's Chilika lake Chilika, which lies in the Central Asian Flyway for birds, is a major stopover site for migratory birds from the Arctic and Sub-Arctic regions during their onward and return migration along the east coast. . Why? Habitats such as mudflats, floating and submerged vegetation, reed beds, open waters with varying depth and salinity attract a variety of migratory and resident bird species. . recognised as a wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention. National Chilika Bird Festival National Chilika Bird Festival Award was awarded to Mangalajodi Ecotourism Group for their active involvement in bird protection.
*This year Chilika has received record number of birds as a result of removal of illegal gheries [prawn-rearing enclosures] from the lake by the forest department," -Chilika was 10,47,968 with 181 species (10,21,563 waterfowl of 105 species and 26,405 water dependent birds of 76 species). Last year, it was 8,93,390 of 147 species (8,67,834 waterfowl of 95 species and 25,556 water dependent of 52 species CDA also released its book Fish and Shellfish Diversity and its Sustainable Management in Chilika Lake
. RDP INDIA 2019, app .App launched with R-Day highlights was launched on Saturday on the 70th Republic Day. launched by the Defence Ministry. People can watch the highlights of this year's Republic Day parade at the Rajpath on a mobile application nenia in noe m BitI ampain f the government. app would help people who desire to know the theme and ideas depicted in the tableaux.
New hope for sickle-cell patients blood cells stuffed with haemoglobin are distorted into sickle shapes. The misshapen cells get stuck in blood vessels, causing strokes, organ damage and episodes of agonizing pain - called crises - as muscles are starved of oxygen. Children usually return to normal between crises, but teenagers and adults may suffer chronic pain. cells don't survive long in the blood - 10 to 20 days, compared to the usual 120 days. severely anaemic and prone to infections.
Dr Jagadesh Kumar
,M.B.B.S.,Now doing PG in MD Radiation Oncology at Madras Medical College,Chennai.Cleared NEET PG,TNPG,UPSC GDMO.