WEATHER AND CLIMATE BY NIKHIL PURANIK
ABOUT MIE MY NAME IS NIKHIL PURANIK PURSUING B.E IN MECHANICAL ENGINEERING FROM RNSIT -LIVE IN BENGALURU PROFILE :https://unacademy.com/user/nikhilrpuranik
TOPICS COVERED WEATHER CLIMATE CLIMATE AND ADAPTION POLAR REGIONS TROPICAL REGIONS
WEATHER The day to day condition of the atmosphere at a place with respect to the temperature, humidity, rainfall, windspeed, etc., is called the weather at that place. The temperature, humidity, and other factors are called the elements of the weather. The weather of a place changes day after day and week after week. All changes in the weather are caused by the sun.
CLIMATE The average weather pattern taken over a long time, say 25 years, is called the climate of the place. If we find that the temperature at a place is high most of the time, then we say that the climate of that place is hot. If there is also heavy rainfall on most of the days in the same place, then we can say that the climate of that place is hot and wet.
CLIMATE & ADAPTATION The POLAR REGIONS present an extreme climate and these regions are covered with snow and it is very cold for most part of the year. For six months the sun does not set at the poles while for the other six month:s the sun does not rise. In winters, the temperature can be as low as -37 C. Animals living there have adapted to these severe conditions. The TROPICAL REGION has generally a hot climate because of its location around the equator. "Even in the coldest month the temperature is generally higher than about 15 C. During hot summers, the temperature may cross 40 C. .These regions get plenty of rainfall
POLAR REGIONS Its predator and prey are unable to see it The white fur not easily visible in the snowy white background It has a very strong sense of smell It has two thick lavers of fur It helps the bear to locate and catch its prey These keep it warm in cold weather It has long curved and sharp claws e fat insulates its body from It has a layer of fat under its skin These help it to walk on ice cold and keeps it warm
TROPICAL RAINFORESTS Many tropical animals have sensitive hearing, sharp eyesight, thick skin and a skin colour which helps them to camouflage by blending with the surroundings. This is to protect them from predators. Red-eyed frog has developed sticky pads on its feet to help it climb trees on which it lives. To help them live on the trees, monkeys have long tails for grasping branches. Their hands and feet Toucan, which possesses a long, large beak. This helps a toucan to reach the fruits on branches which are otherwise too weak to support its weight.
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