Using Active and Passive Voice
Verbs and Voice OVoice is the form a verb takes to indicate whether the subject of the verb performs or receives the action. OThere are two types of voice: active voice and passive voice
Active Voice Active voice is used to show that the subject of the sentence is performing or causing the action. Example: Lebron threw the basketball before the buzzer. Lebron shot the basketball from the free throw line. Lebron scored three points
Passive Voice Passive voice is used when the subject is the recipient of the action. Example: The ball was thrown by Lebron. The basket was shot by Lebron The score was made by Lebron.
Why does it matter? OSTRONG WRITING USES ACTIVE VOICE!!!!
Why does it matter? O Active voice is more direct and concise. O Passive voice is usually wordier. O Active voice is like watching Lebron play. O Passive voice is like watching gunm stuck on the bleachers in the stands. MOST OF THE TIME, YOU WANT TO USE ACTIVE VOICE!!!!
When would you WANT to use passive voice? O When intentionally trying to hide the subject of the sentence. For example, a politician might say, "The mistake was made by someone." Hiding the subject helps him/her hide the blame. O When intentionally trying to minimize the guilt of the subject. For example, a cheating boyfriend might say, "Cheating was committed by me." O When passive voice better emphasizes the main point of the message, such as "Children were harmed by the drunk driver."
Form of Passive Voice Verbs . The passive voice requires a "double verb" and will always consist of a form of the verb "to be" and the past participle (usually the "en/ed/t" form) of another verb Example: Active: John baked the bread. Passive: The bread was baked by John. (Was is a form of the verb
Form of Passive Voice Verbs - Writers should be familiar with the forms of "to be", often called linking verbs, so that they can easily identify the passive voice in their work. Review the forms of "to be": am, is, are, was, were, be, being, been
Form of Passive Voice Verbs O Note the forms of "to be" in the examples of the verb "to kick" in various forms of the passive voice: is kicked---had been kicked was kickedis going to be kicked is being kicked--will be kicked has been kicked---can be kicked was being kickedshould be kicked