MODERN HISTORY & CULTURE ROLE OF TAMILNADU IN FREEDOM STRUGGLE VELLORE MUTINY (1806)
>The British Administration prohibited the Hindu soldiers from smearing religious marks on their foreheads trim their moustache soldiers Sultan, to revolt against British And ordered the Muslims to shave their beard & This created a strong resentment among the They were also instigated by the sons of Tipu
It was july 9th 1806, one of Tipu Sultan's daughter was to be married in Vellore >The revolting soldiers gathered at the fort under the pretext of attending the wedding Two hours after midnight on 10 July, the sepoys killed fourteen of their own officers and 115 men of the 69th Regiment, most of the latter as they slept in their barracks among those killed was Colonel St. John Fancourt, the commander of the fort
The rebels seized control by dawn, and raised the flag of the Mysore Sultanate over the fort Tipu's second son Fateh Hyder was declared king However, a British officer, Major Coops, escaped and alerted the garrison in Arcot Nine hours after the outbreak of the mutiny, a relief force comprising the British 19th Light Dragoons, galloper guns and a squadron of Madras cavalry, rode from Arcot to Vellore, covering 16 miles (26 km) in about two hours
It was led by Sir Rollo Gillespie (one of the most capable and energetic officers in India at that time), who reportedly left Arcot within a quarter of an hour of the alarm being raised and he crushed the revolt The only surviving eyewitness account of the actual outbreak of the mutiny is that of Amelia Farrer, Lady Fancourt (the wife of St. John Fancourt, the commander of the fort) Her manuscript account, written two weeks after the massacre, describes how she and her children survived as her husband perished
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