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Unacademy UPSC CSE Prelims Mock Test - 2016 : Analysis and Discussion (Part 1)
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This lesson deals with the discussion on the mock tests solution which was conducted by us. This lesson is the very first lesson of this course where Ayussh's intent is to explain the solution for all the questions which appeared in Unacademy Prelims Mock test. Starting from question number 1 Ayussh has provided answers till question number 14. One can know the correct answers to all these questions. Also, one will be gain an approach to crack this kind of questions in the UPSC CSE Prelims as Ayussh has also stressed some vital facts to remember.​

Ayussh Sanghi is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Ayussh Sanghi
Passionate Educator - CSE / Other Govt Exams [Peep into my Unacademy Plus Courses & experience awesome learning.]

U
Unacademy user
Check out PIB & Yojana Magazine analysis courses under my profile.
sir a little confusion its a monthly base quiz or the same date which it shows
or it is shuffle of intire month
Excellent explanation
Dear Sir, ................... Please start a paid economy course for pre & mains (2018) in unacademy.......... Lot of people are waiting for this course............ Thank you Sir..............
sir pl explain in hindi
  1. UNACADEMY MOCK TEST DISCUSSION PRESENTED BY AYUSSH SANGHI


  2. ABOUT ME Passionate about Teaching >Taught at most reputed Civil Services Institutes >CA, Lawyer Follow me on: https://unacademy.in/user/ AyusshSanghi


  3. QUESTION 1 o The conservation of Olive Ridley Turtles have been adversely affected due to certain reasons. Identify them from the following: 1. a. Collection of eggs by humans which prevents them from hatching and breeding 2. b. Killing of turtles by human beings. 3. c. The other part of sea fauna like sharks prey on turtle's eggs o Select the correct option from the codes given below: o a. 1 and 2 only o b. 1 and 3 only o c. 2 and 3 only o d. 1, 2 and 3


  4. QUESTION 1 > 1. Correct Answer - (d) 1. Correct Answer - (d)


  5. QUESTION 2 o What significance does "Reed Bed System" offer in treatment industrial waste? 1. It removes nitrates and phosphates. 2. Removes heavy metals from industrial wastewater. 3. It integrates plants and geomaterials to remove pollutants from wastewater. Select the correct option from the codes given below: o a. 1 and 2 only o b. 3 only o c. 2 and 3 only d, I,2and 3


  6. QUESTION 2 o The Characteristics about RBS: . Industries generate enormous amount of wastewater o Wastewaters are rich in toxic heavvmetals and other hazardous chemicals .Indiscriminate disposal resulted in soil and water pollution . Current wastewater treatments are expensive .Reed bed system is an ecofriendly and cost effective method for treating industrial wastewaters For more details read over here - http://agritech.tnau.ac.in/ special technology.html


  7. QUESTION 3 o Consider the following statements with reference to Balance of Payments: 1.The Balance of Payments of a country must always balance in the accounting sense 2.The surplus on current account must be equal to the deficit on capital account and vice versa o Which of the above statement/s is/are correct? o a. Only 1 o b. Only 2 o c. Both 1 and 2 o d. Neither 1 nor 2


  8. QUESTION 3 BOP of a country is the record of all economic transactions between the residents of the country and the rest of the world in a particular period (over a quarter of a year or more commonly over a year) O If there is deficit in the current account, it should be matched with surplus in the capital account.


  9. QUESTION 4 o Consider the following statements with reference to Poverty Gap: 1. It is a measurement of the intensity of poverty among the poor and the difference between the mean income among the poor and the rich. 2. The Poverty Gap Index is the combined measurement of incidence of poverty and depth of poverty o Which of the above statement/s is/are correct? a. Only1 o b. Only 2 o c. Both 1 and 2 o d. Neither 1 nor 2


  10. QUESTION 4 oThe poverty gap is the average shortfall of the total population from the poverty line. This measurement is used to reflect the intensity of poverty. When it is calculated it gives an index relevant for measuring poverty and depth of poverty


  11. QUESTION 5 The alpine vegetation in the western Himalayas is found only up to a height of 3000 metres while in the eastern Himalayas it is found up to a height of 4000 metres. The reason for this variation in the same mountain range is: (Identify the correct statement) (a) Eastern Himalayas are higher than western Himalayas o (b) Eastern Himalayas are nearer to the equator and sea coast than western Himalayas (c) Eastern Himalayas get more monsoon rainfall than the western Himalayas (d) Eastern Himalayan rocks are more fertile than the western Himalayas rocks.


  12. QUESTION 5 5. Correct Answer (c)


  13. QUESTION 6 Black soil / regur soil: . Regur means is best suited soil for cotton cultivation o . Most of the Deccan is occupied by Black soil. Mature soil. High water retaining capacity o . Swells and will become sticky when wet and shrink when dried I as it develops wide cracks dried. Rich in: Iron, lime, calcium num and magnesium. o Deficient in: Nitrogen, Phosphorous and organic matter. o .Colour: Deep black to light black oTexture: Clayey.


  14. QUESTION 8 > With reference to Congress Socialist Party, consider the following statements: 1. It advocated the boycott of British goods and evasion of taxes. It wanted to establish the dictatorship of proletariat 3. 2. It advocated separate electorate for minorities and oppressed classes. > Which of the statements given above is/are correct? a. 1 and 2 only b. 3 only c. 1, 2 and 3 d. None


  15. QUESTION 9 Which of the following powers of the Judiciary help protecting and sustaining the federal character of the Indian polity? 1. Power of judicial review 2. Power to issue writs 3. Power to adjudicate disputes between the Central and state governments. 4. Power to adiudicate disputes between the state goverr >9. 4. Power to adjudicate disputes between the state governments Choose the correct answer using the following codes: a. All of the above b. 1, 2 and 3 c. 1 and 3 d. 1, 3 and 4


  16. QUESTION 9 9. Correct Answer (d) Explanation: A federal government does not only mean that the adjudication of disputes between states is not a part of the federal dynamics. States are autonomous in their areas of functioning and an independent court ensures that conflicts between them are resolved amicably. Power to issue writs is to protect the political democracy in India by protecting fundamental rights, not federalism.


  17. QUESTION 10 > 10. Which of the following constitutional mechanisms/provisions restrict the financial autonomy of the states? 1. Finance Commission 2. The office of CAG 3. Financial emergency Choose the correct answer using the following codes: a. 1 and 3 b. Only 2 >c. 2 and 3 d. All of the above


  18. QUESTION 10 10. Correct Answer (d) Explanation: Finance commission recommends the statutory grants and grants-in- aid to the states. The role of states is limited in getting the desired grants sanctioned. The CAG is integrated audit machinery auditing both centre and states. CAG does not merely audits the accounts for legality but also for performance of the government expenditure. The states have no power over the election and removal of CAG.


  19. QUESTION 12 12. "Dark, gray, low a form of rain and snow. Found in an altitude range from the surface to 3,000 meters. It is also called rain cloud". Which of the following clouds is described in the above passage? a. Nimbostratus Clouds >12. "Dark, gray, low altitude cloud that produces continuous precipitation in the b. Cirrocumulus Clouds c. Cirrostratus Clouds - d. Cumulonimbus Cloud d. Cumulonimbus Cloud


  20. QUESTION 13 > 13. Which of the following elements is/are found in polluted water in India? 1. Mercury 2. Cadmium 3. Lead 4. Copper 5. Uranium > Choose the correct option from the codes given below: a. Only 1 b. Only 3 & 5 c. Only 1, 3 & 5 d. All of the above


  21. QUESTION 14 14. If the RBI adopts an expansionist monetary policy, it implies that a. It sells securities to banks and financial institutions b. It adopts market stabilisation scheme c. It reduces CRR and REPO rates d. It increases CRR and REPO rates


  22. QUESTION 14 14. Correct Answer (c) Explanation: Expansionary Monetary Policy means change in rates in order to expand/ increase the money supply in the economy. Hence it would reduce the rates to do so. > 14. Correct Answer (c)


  23. QUESTION 15 15. The Fortaleza Declaration, is related to the affairs of: a. ASEAN b. BRICS c. OECD > d. WTO


  24. QUESTION 15 15. Correct Answer (b) Explanation: > Brazil hosted the 6th Summit of Heads of State and of Government of BRICS, held in Fortaleza and Bras lia. The Summit adopted the Fortaleza Declaration.


  25. QUESTION 17 > 17. Cold oceanic currents give desiccating effects to desert regions. In the above context consider the following pairs and identify which of them is INCORRECTLY matched? Options Oceanic current a. b. C. d. Canary Current Peruvian Current Benguela current California Current Desert Sahara Desert Atacama Desert Dasht-e Kavir Mojave Desert


  26. QUESTION 19 > 19. Correct Answer (d) Explanation: Options given in questions are self-explanatory.


  27. QUESTION 20 > 20. Which of the following cases show the federal spirit of the Indian polity? > 1. The Kishenganga water dispute. 2. The presence of both Election commission of India and State election Commissions > 3. Restrictions on the use of Article 356 (President's rule). > Chose the correct answer using the codes below: -a. Only1 b. 2 and 3 c. 1 and 4 only 1 and 4 on! C. >d. None of the above


  28. QUESTION 20 - 20. Correct Answer (o) Explanation: > The Kishenganga water dispute is an international water dispute solely handled by the Central government. It does not show the federal spirit of our polity. State election commissions conduct elections for local bodies, and not at the state level. The Election Commission of India conducts it at both the Central and State level. It actually shows the centralizing tendency and not the federal one.