GD TOPICS: INDIAN POLITICS #4 Two Party vs Multi Party System in India
Hello! I'm Meghna Zohar Student of management at lIIM Indore Avid reader, orator & debater
TYPES OF POLITICAL SYSTEMS TWO PARTY MULTI PARTY A multi-party system is a system in which multiple political parties across the political spectrum run for national election, and all have the capacity to gain control of government offices, separately or in coalitiorn Relies on proportional representation, where the legislative seats are allocated to parties in proportion to the percentage of votes they win in elections, A two-party system is a party system where two major political parties dominate the government. One of the two parties typically holds a majority in the legislature and is usually referred to as the majority or gover ning party while the other is the minority or opposi tion party The contest is usually between two candidates.
REASONS TO SUPPORT THE TWO PARTY SYSTEM
. The two parties must appeal to the middle to win elections, so the parties tend to be moderate. Lef Rignt
Electoral certainty 2 . One advantage of a two-party dominance is that interest groups have to sort out and form their alliances prior to the election - not afterwards. The U.S. State Legislatures and each of the two houses of the U.S Congress have generally had clear governing majorities and minorities.
3 Institutional stability: In a multi party system often, no single party is able to get a clear majority. This leads to hung parliaments and coalition politics, as has been the case in India for sometime now .Coalition partners often tend to use their clout to get their way on key issues. This can be very detrimental to progresS There is very little chance of a coalition government in a two-party system. This provides for stable governance.
REASONS TO SUPPORT THE MULTI PARTY SYSTEM
Representation of diversity 1 2 parties: limits the number of ideas on every issue and reduces voter choice. . Multi parties represent regional beliefs and can stand for culture/religion specific views. . A multi-party system, on the other hand, allows each citizen to vote for the party that best fits their beliefs and represents their ideology.
More than 2 views on issues 2. Each of the two parties has fixed views on various topics. A voter cannot support multiple parties despite supporting particular views of both sides. . Parties may be forced to moderate their views. Thus, each party represents the radically moderate, and not the conservative and liberal wings .However, the multi-party system in India also caters to people with extreme views.