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Tribal Panchsheel and Joint Forest Management
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The lesson explains Tribal Panchsheel on Nehruvian approach for settlement and development of tribals. Then, it describes need of a National Tribal Policy which should be the basis for integration of tribals into societal mainstream. Joint Forest management covers mass initiative with community efforts for the ​conversion of degraded forests into green forests.

Pramod Singh
Appeared for CSE Interview thrice. 5 years mentoring for civil service aspirants.

Unacademy user
Encourage Tribal language is not the part of Tribal Panchsheel. Instead the fifth point is that the development should not be judged by way of statistics rather by human character that is evolved
Harshald Deore
2 years ago
Right it is not mentioned anywhere.

  2. About Me: Faced CSE interview thrice B.Tech ECE, Govt. Engg College (IET), Lucknow 3 years of mentoring to Civil Service Aspirants . Hobbies : Reading & Mentoring students Course fees: Contribute Follow me on : https://unacademy..n/user/pramod218

  3. Development Approach Earlier we covered the School of thoughts for Tribal Development (Isolation, Assimilation & Integration). Nehruvian Approach: It sets two basic parameters: Tribal areas have to progress and should progress in their own way Progress shouldn't mean duplication of efforts from other parts of India . Changes should be worked out by Tribal themselves. . Further, propounded "Tribal Panchsheel"

  4. Tribal Panchsheel oihpalis shovild devrsioge along the lines of their own genius and there should be no imposition and Tribals should develop along the lines of their own genius and there should be no imposition and compulsion from outside Tribal rights in land and forests should be respected. o No outsider should be allowed to take possession of the tribal land. o Incursion of the market economy into tribal areas had to strictly controlled & regulated Encourage ribal languages - with all possible support and conditions in which they can flourish must be s feguarded mist be segiardeanouagesl possible support and conditions in which they can flourish . For administration, reliance should be placed on the Tribal people themselves and administrators should be recruited from amongst themselves and trained. But we should avoid introducing too many outsiders into tribal territ ry There should be no over-administration of tribal areas. The efforts should be to administer and develop through their own social and cultural institutions Human Element and sensitivity missing in Today's implementation schemes for SC's & STs and Non implementation of the Pa chsheel principl s

  5. National Tribal Policy The Policy should be guided by: i) Principles enshrined in the Constitution of India for social, economic and political empowerment of STs (Articles 14, 15(4), 16(4), 16(4A), 46, 243(d), 244(1), 244(2), 275(1), 330, 332, 335, 338A, 339(1), 340, 342, extension of 73rd and 74th Amendments of the Constitution to the Scheduled Areas through the PESAAct, etc.) i) Nehruvian Panchsheel Objectives: Regulatory Protection .Preservation of traditional & customary systems .Reconciliation of modes of socio-economic development .Protection and vesting of rights of STs on forest lands and other forest rights including ownership over minor .Providing a legislative frame for rehabilitation and resettlement in order to minimise displacement forest produce (MFP), minerals and water bodies

  6. Continued... Regulatory Protection: Empowerment of tribal communities to promote self-governance and self-rule (PESA) .Protection of political rights to ensure greater and active participation of tribals in political bodies at all levels Socio- Economic Empowerment: Reducing and removing the gap in the HDI of the tribal population and Cultural and Traditional Rights: promotion of tribal development Access to privileges inclusion of new communities in ST list, development of PTG, need specific Intellectual Property Right: Conservation and protection of the intellectual property regime of STs the general population to bring them at par by 2020 programmes for Nomadic & semi-nomadic Tribes and its proper utilization on a commercial format

  7. Joint Forest Management (JFM) As per provisions of National Forest Policy, 1988 Government outlined a framework for creating massive people's movement through involvement of village committees for the protection, regeneration and development of degraded forest lands. JFM involves state forest departments and local communities This gave impetus to the participation of stakeholders in the management of degraded forests situated in the vicinity of villages The JFM programme in the country was reviewed by Government of India from time to time in consultation with State Governments, NGO's and other stakeholders in view of several emerging ssues Initiatives: Legal backup to JFM committees in States Participation of women in the JFM programme (50% in general body meeting) Extension of JFM in good forest areas Preparation of microplan in JFM areas

  8. Continued. Conflict resolution - Harmony among different groups participating in JFM Recognition of Self-initiated groups i.e. community groups- their registration, records, inquiry Monitoring and Evaluation: concurrent monitoring of progress & perfomance of groups at division and sate level Achievements: As of 2005, 27 states of the Indian Union had various JFM schemes with over 63,000 FPCs involved in the joint management of over 140,000 km2 of forested land

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