REASONING STATEMENT & CONCLUSION Question And Answers
Statement and Conclusion
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13 Statements: Nation X faced growing international opposition forits decision to explode eight nuclear weapons at its test site. Conclusions The citizens of the nation favouredthe decision. Some powerful countries do not want othernations to become as powerful as they are. A. B. C. D. E. Answer: Option D Only conclusion I follows Only conclusion II follows EitherI or II follows NeitherI nor II follows Both I and II follow Explanation Neitherthe citizens response to the decision nor the reason for opposition by other nations can be deduced from the statement. So, neitherI nor II follows.
14 Statements: In a highly centralised powerstructure, in which even senior cabinet ministers are prepared to reduce themselves to pathetic countries oryesmen airing views that are primarily intended to anticipate or reflect the Prime Minister's own performances, there can be no place for any consensus that is quite different from real or contrived unanimity of opinion, expressed through a well orchestrated endorsement of the leader's actions Conclusions The Ministers play safe by not giving anti-government views The Prime Minister does not encourage his colleagues to render their own views A. B. C. Onlv conclusion I follows Only conclusion II follows Either I or II follows Neither I nor II follows Both I and II follow E. Answer: Option A Explanation According to the statement, even senior cabinet ministers are always ready to conform to the Prime Minister's views. So, I follows. However, II contradicts the given statement and so does not follow
15 Statements: National Aluminium Company has moved India from a position of shortage to self-sufficiencyin the metal. Conclusions Previously, India had to import aluminium. With this speed, it can soon become a foreign exchange earner. A. B. C. Only conclusion I follows Only conclusion II follows Either I or II follows Neither I nor II follows Both I and II follow E. Answer: Option E Explanation: According to the statement, National Aluminium Company has moved India from a position of shortage in the past to self-sufficiency in the present. This means that previously, India had to import aluminium. So, I follows. Also, it can be deduced that if production increases at the same rate, India can export it in future. So, II also follows
16. tatements:Jade plant has thick leaves and itr Conclusions All plants with thick leaves require little water. Jade plants may be grown in places where wateris not in abundance. A. B. C. D. E. Answer: Option B Only conclusion I follows Only conclusion II follows EitherI or II follows NeitherI nor II follows Both I and II follow Explanation The statement talks of jade plants only and not'all plants with thick leaves'. So, I does not follow. Also, since jade plants require little water, so they can be grown in places where wateris not in abundance. Sco, II follows.
17 Use "Kraft" colours. They add colour to our life. - An advertisement. Conclusions: Catchy slogans do not attract people. People like dark colours A. B. C. D. E. Answer: Option D Only conclusion I follows Only conclusion II follows Either I or II follows Neither I nor II follows Both I and II follow Explanation The slogan given in the statement is definitely a catchy one which indicates that catchy slogans do attract people. So, I does not follow. Nothing about people's preference for colours can be deduced from the statement. Thus, II also does not follow
18 Statements: All those political prisoners were released on bail who had gone to jail for reasons other than political dharnas. Bail was not granted to persons involved in murders. Conclusions No political - prisoner had committed murder. Some politicians were not arrested. A. B. C. D. E. Answer: Option A Only conclusionl follow:s Only conclusion II follows Either I or II follows Neithernor II follows Both I and II follow Explanation: According to the statement, the political prisoners can be divided into two groups - those who were released and those who were put in jail for political dharnas. However, no person involved in murder was released. This means that no political prisoner had committed murder. So, I follows. Clearly, II is not directly related to the statement and does not follow
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