REASONING STATEMENT & CONCLUSION Question And Answers
Statement and Conclusion
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1. Statements: In a one day cricket match, the total runs made by a team were 200. Out of these 160 runs were made by spinners Conclusions: 80% of the team consists of spinners The opening batsmen were spinners. A. B. C. D. E. Answer: Option D Only conclusion I follows Only conclusion II follows EitherI or II follows NeitherI nor II follows Both I and II follow Explanation: According to the statement, 80% of the total runs were made by spinners. So, I does not follow. Nothing about the opening batsmen is mentioned in the statement. So, II also does not follow.
2 Statements: The old order changed yielding place to new. Conclusions: Change is the law of nature. Discard old ideas because they are old. A. B. C. D. E. Answer: Option A Only conclusion I follows Only conclusion II follows Either I or II follows Neither I nor II follows Both I and II follow Explanation: Clearly, I directly follows from the given statement. Also, it is mentioned that old ideas are replaced by new ones, as thinking changes with the progressing time. So, II does not follow.
Statements: Government has spoiled many top ranking financial institutions by appointing bureaucrats as Directors of these institutions Conclusions Government should appoint Directors of the financial institutes taking into consideration the expertise of the person in the area of finance The Director of the financial institute should have expertise commensurate with the financial work carried out by the institute. A. Only conclusion I follows Only conclusion II follows Either I or II follows Neither I nor II follows Both I and II follow C. E. Answer: Option E lanatior According to the statement, Government has spoiled financial institutions by appointing bureaucrats as Directors. This means that only those persons should be appointed as Directors who are experts in finance and are acquainted with the financial work of the institute. So, both I and II follow
4. Statements: Population increase coupled with depleting resources is going to be the scenario of many developing countries in days to come Conclusions The population of developing countries will not continue to increase in future It will be very difficult for the governments of developing countries to provide its people decent quality of life. A. B. C. Onlv conclusion I follows Only conclusion II follows Either I or II follows Neither I nor follows Both I and II follow E. Answer: Option B Explanation The fact given in I is quite contrary to the given statement. So, I does not follow. II mentions the direct implications of the state discussed in the statement. Thus, II follows
tatements: Prime age school-going children in urban India have now become avid as well as more regular viewers of television, even in households without a TV. As a result there has been an alarming decline in the extent of readership of newspapers Conclusions Method of increasing the readership of newspapers should be devised A team of experts should be sent to other countries to study the impact of TV on the readership of newspapers A. B. C. Only conclusion I follows Only conclusion II follows Either I or II follows Neither I nor II follows Both I and II follow E. Answer: Option D Explanation: The statement concentrates on the increasing viewership of TV. and does not stress either on increasing the readership of newspapers or making studies regarding the same. So, neither I nor II follows.
Statements: In Japan, the incidence of stomach cancer is very high, while that of bowel cancer is very low. But Japanese immigrate to Hawaii, this is reversed -the rate of bowel cancerincreases but the rate of stomach canceris reduced in the next generation. All this is related to nutrition the diets of Japanese in Hawaii are different than those in Japan Conclusions The same diet as in Hawaii should be propagated in Japan also Bowel cancer is less severe than stomach cancer A. Only conclusion I follows Only conclusion II follows Either I or II follows Neither I nor II follows Both I and II follow C. E. Answer: Option D Explanation: The statement neither propagates the diet of any of the countries nor compares the two tvpes of cancer. So, neither I nor II follows.
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