WELCOME TO UNACADEMY CURRENT AFFAIRS TOPIC AND ISSUES FOR UPSC 2018-19 HEY GUIS I AMM SATYAM SRIVASTAVA
Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes Atrocities Prevention Act 1989 OScheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribes Prevention of Torture Act, 1989 was passed by the Indian Parliament on September 11, 1989, which was enacted on 30th January, 1990 in India. This Act applies to every person who is not a member of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes and that person harasses members of this class.
e Government of India passed the legislation in the light of Article 17 of the Indian Constitution or the legislation to prevent various atrocities on Dalits The Act has increased penalties against untouchability and strict punishment has been made against oppressed Dalits, the crimes under this Act are non-bailable According to Section 3 (1) of the Act, whoever is not a member of Scheduled Castes Scheduled Tribes and commits the crime of the following atrocities on the members of this class, then law and punishable offense
. There are three characteristics of this law- 1. This is punishes offenses against individuals involved in Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes 2. It gives special protection and rights to the victims 3. It establishes courts so that matters can be resolved quickly
o Supreme Court decision -On 2ist March, the Supreme Court has banned the immediate arrest of the cases registered under Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes Torture Prevention Act, 1989. The court said that the arrest of government employees can only be done after the permission of the competent authority Those who are not government employees, their arrest will be possible with the permission of the SSP, although the court has clarified that the reasons for the permission to arrest should be kept on the record
e Preceding rule-In the ST Act, the complaint regarding the use of caste words was instantly filed, In such cases only the police officers of the inspector rank were examined. In these cases, there was also provision of arrest of the case immediately after the case was registered, in such cases there was no advance bail. It was found that only the High Court could get regular bail from the government employee before the charge sheet was filed before the court. Ensi did not seek permission from the Gulf hearing SC ST cases was just a special court