INDIAN NATIONAL MOVEMENT 1927-193 9 Presented_by_DANISH KHATAN
ROUND TABLE CONFERENCES & THE COMMUNAL AWARD Presented by DANISH HATAN
FIRST RTC NOVEMBER 1930 - JANUARY 1931 Congress did not attend GANDHI-IRWIN PACT (MARCH 1931) Congress agreed to attend Secono RTC and to withdraw CDM.
KARACHI CONGRESS SESSION MARCH 1931 " Endorsed Delhi Pact between Gandhi and Irwin. Passed resolutions on economic programme & fundamental rights
SECOND RTC DECEMBER 1931 Right wing in Britain against concessions to Indians Session got deadlocked on question of safeguards to minorities with essentially no real outcome Hence Second phase of CDM - December 1931 - April 1934
COMMUNAL AWARD The Communal Award was announced by the British Prime Minister, Ramsay MacDonald, in August 1932 It sought to provide separate electorates to depressed classes
COMMUNAL AWARD All Nationalists considered it to bea threat to national unity. Gandhi's fast unto death (September 1932) led to Poona Pact which abandoned separate electorates for depressed classes in fav reserved seats for them our of increased
COMMUNAL AWARD Poona Pact was Signed by B.R. Ambedkar ,in September 1932, which abandoned separate electorates for the depressed classes. Rather the seats reserved for the depressed classes were increased fromm 71 to 147 in provincial legislatures & 18 per cent of the total in the central legislature.
GANDHI'S HARIIAN CAMPAIGN Gandhi launched a full-fledged campaign against untouchability While in jail, he had set up the All India Anti- Untouchability League in September 1932 He also had started the weekly Harijan in January 1933 After his release, he shifted to the Satyagraha Ashram in Wardha
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