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Right to Information: Basics (in Hindi)
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This lesson introduces the Right to information, its evolution globally, and the recent trend of openness in governance.

Danish Khatana
Masters in Biotechnology IIT JAM 2011 (AIR - 479) CSIR NET Life Sciences 2012, DBT JRF 2015, UPSC CSE MAINS 2016, UGC NET Socio - 2018

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  1. Right to Information PRESENTED BY DANISH

  2. Definition Easy and speedy access to right information Openness about the various decisions taken by the government and the reasoning behind them.

  3. Historical Background o Sweden was first country . Citizens as back as 1766 Citizens as back as 1766 . Scandinavian countries Denmark and Norway United states enacted FOI Act in 1966

  4. Comparative position in other countries . UK Citizen Charter promotes increased openness. 1988- Official Secrets Act 1911 changes to narrow the scope of the act. White Paper Guaranteeing A Statutory Right o Implemented In April 1994 . Canada Access To Information Act Government Of Malaysia - publication of reports on public complaints.

  5. Recent trend Increased Openness in the System Of Governance. Changing Socio-economic Milieu . Increased Awareness Of Public about their rights Growing Public Opinion against secrecy as abuse of authority. e Demand for greater Transparency In Government Functioning Balance Approach To Openness in Government Functioning be devised.


  7. Openness with publioc Capitalist & Democratic Countries with higher degree of openness vis- -vis authoritarian regimes. Cost Of Sharing Information should be Commensurate With The Benefit to the Public Security of the State or its Commercial, Economic And Other Strategic Interests exceptions. Adequate Safeguards in legislation to ensure primacy of national interests as also privacy Independent Authority to decide upon whether to be made public or not. AHMEDNAGAR Experiment - district office restructured, demystified and made more open to facilitate the work of the general public. Openness also implies that Discretion Should Be Minimized by formulating a criteria to be used. e e Adequate Safeguards in legislation to ensure primacy of national interests as also privacy.

  8. Official Secrets Act Obstructs Transparency o Official Secrets Act, 1923 Postal And Police Acts Used as repressive instruments by an alien regime against the people. Ugly manifestation of the psyche of rulers in dealing with the ruled.

  9. Freedom of information o First political commitment of this nature on the eve of Lok sabha elections in 1977 . Resentment against Suppression of information, press censorship and abuse of authority during Internal emergency 1975-77 Need to enact a law on RTI was recognized unanimously by the Chief minister's conference on Effective and responsive government on 24th MAY 1997, New Delhi. . Working group under H.D. Shourie by GoI -open and transparent government . In accordance with both Article 19 of the universal declaration of human rights and the constitution of India.

  10. Freedom Of Information Act, 2002 Freedom Of Information Bill, 2000 o Department related standing committee on Personnel, Public Grievances And & Justice recommended repealing of Freedom Of Information Act 2002. Important changes proposed to be incorporated were o Establishment Of An Appellate Machinery With Investigative Power o Penal Provisions For Failure. o Maximum Disclosure And Minimum Exemptions Effective mechanism for access to information and disclosure by authorities.