Tanya Bhatia is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
Research Aptitude By Tanya Bhatia
Meaning Research is a process of steps used to collect and analyse information to increase our understanding of a topic or issue.
Research Characteristic 1. Objectivity 2. Reliability 3. Validity 4. Accuracy 5. Credibility 6. Generalizability 7. Empirical Research 8. Systematic 9. Logical 10. Cyclical
Types of Research on the basis of Objectives 1. Descriptive Research 2. Correlational Research 3. Explanatory Research 4. Experimental Research
Descriptive Research Descriptive Research can answer questions such as What is or What was???? It includes surveys and fact-finding enquiries with adequate interpretation. Descriptive Research can involve a one time interaction with groups of people (Cross-sectional study) or a study might follow individuals over time (longitudinal Study)
Descriptive Research -Descriptive Research is closely linked with ex post facto, historical, Exploratory and Analytical Research
Ex post Research It is used in social sciences and busines.s organizations. It is conducted in context of a phenomenon after it has occurred or at the time of its occurrence.
Historical Research - It is another dimension of descriptive research and somewhat similar to ex post facto Research. - It usually focuses on the historical aspect of an issue of interest or problem
Analytical Research - In this method, the Researcher uses facts or information already available. -It attempts to make critical evaluation of the Material.
Correlational studies - It is undertaken to establish relationship between two aspects of a situation. -Two or more variables may occur together but that does not mean that one has caused the other to occur.
Exploratory Research It is generally done in the beginning of a research. It is undertaken to explore a area where little is known. It makes use of secondary data, experience surveys, case studies interviews etc.