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Reproductive Health
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In this lesson I have discussed about what are the problems faced by Government of India . And what are the steps Government taking in order to solve these problems. Also in the later half of lesson I have discussed about process of amniocentesis which is used find any chromosomal abnormality in developing embryo. But this process is also misused in determining sex of foetus so this is major drawback of it.

Kalpesh J Gadhvi is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Kalpesh J Gadhvi
Final Year MBBS Student | Discount code for Plus -"KalpeshGadhvi" | On the way to make More Doctors which Our Country Needs most

U
Unacademy user
mja aa gya... nice course
AJ
super sir you are a good educator please upload more mcq's in biology becoz it will help for many students including me
India initiated family planning programs in1953 as you say but in my ncert it is 1951 please solve the doubt
  1. Reproductive health Presented by Kalpesh Gadhvi


  2. About me Kalpesh gadhvi I am pursuing MBBS from PDU medical college Rajkot My hobbies are to play cricket and listen music You can follow me on unacademy If you like my courses than please rate review recommend and share it . o . .


  3. HEALTH-(WHO - WORLD HEALTH ORGANISATION )HAS DEFINED IT AS A TOTAL WELL-BEING IN ALL ASPECTS OF REPRODUCTION, I.E., PHYSICAL, EMOTIONAL, BEHAVIORAL & SOCIAL


  4. Reproductive health problems and challenges


  5. 1.INDIA WAS AMONG THE 1ST COUNTRIES TO INITIATE ACTIONS & PLANS TO ATTAIN TOTAL REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH AS SOCIAL GOAL. 2. THESE PROGRAMMES ARE CALLED AS FAMILY PLANNING' 3. IMPROVED PROGRAMMES CURRENTLY IN OPERATION HAVE A POPULAR NAME REPRODUCTIVE & CHILD HEALTH CARE PROGRAMMES' (RCH).


  6. Measures taken by Government


  7. 1.THROUGH THE HELP OF AUDIO-VISUALS & PRINT MEDIA. EVEN FAMILY MEMBERS, CLOSE RELATIONS ARE INVOLVED IN THE AWARENESS. 2 SEX EDUCATION WAS INTRODUCED IN SCHOOLS TO PROVIDE AWARENESS 3. PROPER INFORMATION ABOUT REPRODUCTIVE ORGANS, ADOLESCENCE & RELATED CHANGES, SAFE & HYGIENIC SEXUAL PRACTICES, SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES, AIDS ETC.


  8. IT IS A TECHNIQUE USED TO FIND OUT CHROMOSOMAL ABNORMALITIES IN DEVELOPING EMBRYO BY USING AMNIOTIC FLUID. IT IS ALSO MISUSED TO CHECK FOETAL SEX DETERMINATION BASED ON THE CHROMOSOMAL PATTERN IN THE AMNIOTIC FLUID SURROUNDING THE DEVELOPING EMBRYO. Amniocentesis


  9. Population explosion and birth control 1.THE WORLD'S POPULATION BEING 2 BILLION IN 1900 WAS RELOCATED TO 6 BILLION IN 2000... 2. INDIA'S POPULATION WAS ABOUT 350 MILLION DURING INDEPENDENCE & ALMOST REACHED BILLION 3.A RAPID DECLINE IN DEATH RATE, MMR & IMR AS AN INCREASE IN NUMBER OF PEOPLE IN REPRODUCIBLE AGE ARE THE REASON FOR THIS.


  10. Why such population explosion? o MOST OF THE URBAN PEOPLE ARE UNEDUCATED. o GIRLS WERE GIVEN INTO EARLY MARRIAGES AT 18 YRS OF AGE


  11. Contraceptive methods 1.NATURAL METHODS 2. BARRIERS 3.I U D 4. ORAL CONTRACEPTIVES 5. INJECTABLE IMPLANTS 6. SURGICAL METHODS Classification


  12. Barrier method CONDOMS -THIN RUBBER USED TO COVER PENIS IN MALE OR VAGINA & CERVIX IN FEMALES DIAPHRAGMS, CERVICAL CAPS & VALUTS ARE ALL BARRIERS FOR FEMALES TO COVER CERVIX DURING COITUS ADVANTAGES OF BARRIER METHODS: 1. THEY ARE DISPOSABLE. 2. THEY CAN BE SELF-INSERTED 3. THEY ARE REUSABLE. 4. PREVENTS CONCEPTION BY BLOCKING ENTRY OF SPERM THRU CERVIX


  13. Surgical methods 1.THIS METHOD IS ALSO CALLED AS STERILISATION. 2. IT IS ADVISABLE FOR MALE/FEMALE PARTNER AS A TERMINAL METHOD TO PREVENT ANY MORE PREGNANCIES. 3. IN MALE, THEY'RE CALLED VASECTOMY, WHERE THE VAS DEFERENS IS CUT OR TIED