ENVIRONMENT CURRENT AFFAIRS MAY 2018 APRII 2019 ) PRELIVIS BOOSTER MODULE By Arpita Sharma
Wildlife Protection Trishna Gas project International Stock Taking Conference on Tiger Conservation Sarus Crane Mugger Crocodile Golden Langur Conservation Breeding Programme Contents Great Indian Bustard Bandipur Tiger Reserve Species Recovery Programme
11th April 2019 Trishna Gas project For Prelims and Mains: Trishna Wildlife Sanctuary- location, NBWL and issues related to Trishna Gas Project. National Wildlife Board: - The National Wildlife Board has National Board for Wild Life is a statutory organization constituted under the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 1. given its approval for the Trishna Gas project of ONGC which falls in 2. It is an apex body to review all wildlife-related matters the Trishna Wildlife Sanctuary in the Gomati district of Tripura and approves projects in and around national parks and sanctuaries Composition: The National Board for Wild Life is chaired by the Prime Minister, Union Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate Change is the vice-chairman of the Board and the members include 15 non-government members, 19 ex-officio members and 10 government officials such as secretaries 3. ONGC has discovered 10-12 gas bearing wells in the Trishna Wildlife sanctuary. Trishna Wildlife Sanctuary: The Trishna Wildlife Sanctuary was established in 1988. The vegetation covers four broad categories of tropical semi-evergreen forest, the east Himalayan lower Bhanar sal, Moist mixed deciduous forest and the Savanah woodland.
11th April 2019 International Stock Taking Conference on Tiger Conservation For Prelims and Mains: International Stock Taking Conference on Tiger Conservation, project tiger, global tiger initiative and Global Tiger Recovery Program (GTRP). .With shrinking habitats, experts opine that India has almost neared its capacity to manage tigers. Therefore, India must also prepare for a new challenge of reaching the limits of its management capacity Notable points: 1) India's current capacity to host tigers ranges from 2,500-3,000 tigers. Officially, India had 2,226 tigers as of 2014. An ongoing census is expected to reveal an update to these numbers 2) 25-35% of India's tigers now lived outside protected reserves. 3) Recent attempts at translocating tigers to unpopulated reserves, such as Satkosia in Orissa, have ended badly, with one of the tigers dying. Main Challenges: * Dwindling core forest as well as the shrinking of tiger corridors. Poaching and man-animal conflict.
11th April 2019 International Stock Taking Conference on Tiger Conservation Mains Question: What conditions are necessary for tigers to live, breed and increase their population? Examine the role of the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) in conserving tiger population. International Stock Taking Conference on Tiger Conservation: A. The 3rd Stock Taking Conference on Tiger Conservation was recently inaugurated in New Delhi. Third in a series of Stock Taking Conferences, this is the second to be held in India after 2012 and is expected to have wide-ranging discussions on the status of the Global Tiger Recovery Program (GTRP) by the 13 tiger range countries besides deliberations on combating wildlife trafficking. B. 13 Tiger range States Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Russia, Thailand, and Vietnam The conference is being hosted by the National Tiger Conservation Authority, Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change in close collaboration with the Global Tiger Forum which is an International, Intergovernmental Organization for conserving tigers in the world. C. D. Additional facts: During the St. Petersburg declaration in 2010, tiger range countries had resolved to double tiger numbers across their range by 2022.
11th April 2019 International Stock Taking Conference on Tiger Conservation Global Tiger Recovery Program (GTRP) 3rd Stocktaking Conference on the Global Tiger Recovery Program held in New Delhi, January 2019, highlights the world to fall short of its targets of doubling the tiger population. Context Petersburg Declaration on doubling the tiger population was signed in 2010under which all 13 tiger range countries in Asia and partner organizations of the Global Tiger Initiative agreed to a Global Tiger Recovery Program, the first-ever coordinated, range-wide and international effort to save the world tigers. .The tiger range countries that are part of the Global Tiger Recovery Program are About Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Russia, Thailand, and Vietnam. However, China and Indonesia were not present at the conference. The Declaration in turn established 29 July as the International Tiger Day (also known as Global Tiger Day) to be observed annually to raise areness for tiger conservation.
1th April 2019 International Stock Taking Conference on Tiger Conservation Global Tiger Recovery Program (GTRP) 3rd Stocktaking Conference on the Global Tiger Recovery Program held in New Delhi, January 2019, highlights the world to fall short of its targets of doubling the tiger population. Context The Global Tiger Recovery Program (GTRP) seeks to empower Tiger Range Countries (TRCs) to address the entire spectrum of threats, domestic as well as those that are transboundary in nature, and work toward increased financial sustainability through the integration of conservation objectives into development. The GTRP was developed, with the goal of doubling the number of wild tigers Ahoutglobally by 2022 through actions to: a) effectively manage, preserve, protect, and enhance tiger habitats; b) eradicate poaching, smuggling, and illegal trade of tigers, their parts, and derivatives; c) cooperate in transboundary landscape management and in combating illegal trade; d) engage with indigenous and local communities;
1th April 2019 Sarus crane Sarus Crane 1. Vulnerable (VU) IUCN 2. state bird of Uttar Pradesh 3. largest known flocks Keoladeo National Park 4. non-migratory crane 5. tallest of the flying birds 6. nameSanskrit word sarasa for the "lake bird", 7. CITES Appendix IlI A a antigone from India with the distnet white collar Conservation status cW CR CN C8. Habitat NT LC Vulnerable UCN 3.1) KingdomChordata PhylumAves Class Order Family Genus: Species e inhabit open wet and dry grasslands, agricultural fields, marshes and pools found in parts of the 1. Indian Subcontinent India, Nepal andPakistan 2. Southeast Asia Cambodia, extreme southernLaos, south Vietnam, Myanmar 3. Australia Gruidae A. antigone Binomial name Antigone antigone (Linnaeus1758)