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Prelims Analytical {Part 1}
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Ayussh Sanghi
Passionate Educator - CSE / Other Govt Exams [Peep into my Unacademy Plus Courses & experience awesome learning.]

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dada jadi alochanar satha satha English term gulo bole ditan tahale khub valo hoto.......
NSSO survery was conducted in 2013 but question asked in 2018 when did this published in PIB actually?
Sir, i guess your explanation of statement 3 of the NSSO question is not right .. The statement means OUT OF rural agricultural household, around 60% receive major part of their income from non agricultural source .. basically, a household can be agricultural household if a male member from family is contributing towards agriculture ..but there can be other male member not engaged in agriculture .. for example :- Farmer father, engineer son the statement doesn't mean out of total rural household but out total rural AGRICULTURAL household
Follow me on Telegram on this link - https://t.me/joinchat/D-GdGw9o5UgJPXLuuNhn2g
Analysis is good ,it would have been more helpful if source was mentioned and if questions are to be attempted or not
  1. UPSC PRELIMS 2018 DETAILED ANALYSIS SET A


  2. BY AYUSSH SANGHI DOWNLOAD PDF OF THE ANALYSIS FROM MY TELEGRAM CHANNEL AS STUDY CIRCLE BY AYUSSH SANGHI


  3. PART 1


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  6. Q1 Consider the following statements: 1. In the first Lok Sabha, the single largest party in the opposition was the Swatantra Party In the Lok Sabha, a "Leader of the Opposition" was recognised for the first time in 1969 2. 3. In the Lok Sabha, if a party does not have a minimum of 75 members, its leader cannot be recognised as the Leader of Opposition Which of the statements given above is/are correct? a) 1 and 3 only b) 2 only c) 2 and 3 only d) 1, 2 and 3 13 UPSC PRELIMS 2018


  7. FIRST STATEMENT FIRST LOK SABHA The Lok Sabha was constituted for the first time on 17 April 1952 after the first General Elections held from 25 October 1951 to 21 February 1952. The first Session of the First Lok Sabha commenced on 13 May 1952. . G.V. Mavalankar was the first Speaker and M. Ananthasayanam Ayyangar was the first Deputy Speaker of Lok Sabha . The Indian National Congress (INC) won a landslide victory, winning 364 of the 489 seats and 45% of the total votes polled. This was over four times as many votes as the second-largest party . Only two other parties won double digit seats. The CPlI with 16 seats and the Socialist Party with 12 seats. Independents won the second highest number of seats after Congress (37). A.K. Gopalan of the Communist Party of India. Jawaharlal Nehru became the Leader of the House and the unofficial' Leader of Opposition was 14 UPSC PRELIMS 2018


  8. FIRST STATEMENT -SWATANTRA PARTY The Swatantra Party was an Indian liberal-conservative political party that existed from 1959 to 1974. It was founded by C.Rajagopalachari in reaction to what he felt was the Nehru- dominated Indian National Congress's increasingly socialist and statist outlook. Swatantra's formation was the first attempt to bring the highly fragmented right wing forces together under the umbrella of a single party. . The party was fundamentally conservative and anticommunist, supporting free enterprise and the reduction of the central government's control of the states. It had a number of distinguished leaders, most of them old Congressmen, for example, C. Rajagopalachari, T.P. Pantulu, Minoo Masani, N.G. Ranga and K.M. Munshi. 15 UPSC PRELIMS 2018


  9. FIRST STATEMENT -SWATANTRA PARTY . In the 1962 general election, the first after its formation, Swatantra received 6.8 percent of the total votes and won 18 seats in the third Lok Sabha (1962-67) . It emerged as the main opposition to the dominant Congress in four states- Bihar, Rajasthan, Gujarat and Orissa. .By the next general election in 1967, Swatantra had become a significant force in some parts of India; it won 8.7 percent of the votes and became the single-largest opposition party in the fourth Lok Sabha (1967-71) with 44 seats. . In 1972, its founder Rajagopalachari died, and Swatantra declined rapidly 16 UPSC PRELIMS 2018


  10. SECOND STATEMENT LEADER OF OPPOSITION . The Leader of the Opposition is the politician who leads the official opposition in either House of the Parliament of India. Between 1952 and 1969 there was no opposition party with the requisite strength and, therefore, there was no officially recognised leader of the opposition, even though some outstanding personalities occupied the opposition benches and led their parties during this period. In 1969, in the fourth Lok Sabha, following the split in the Congress, the leader of the Congress (O), Ram Subhag Singh, became the first person to be formally recognised and given the status of leader of the opposition. . The office received statutory recognition through the Salary and Allowances of Leaders of Opposition in Parliament Act, 1977 which defines the term "Leader of the Opposition" as that member of the Lok Sabha or the Rajya Sabha who, for the time being, is the Leader of that House of the Party in Opposition to the Government having the greatest numerical strength and recognised, as such, by the Chairman of the Rajya Sabha or the Speaker of the Lok Sabha. 17 UPSC PRELIMS 2018


  11. THIRD STATEMENTMINIMUM NUMBER OF MEMBERS REQUIRED . The well-established principle and practice, right from the first Lok Sabha, has been that the leader of the largest party in opposition is recognised as leader of the opposition, provided the party has the number of seats required to constitute a sitting of the House. That is, at minimum, the party's seat share should be one-tenth or 10% of the total membership, the same as the quorum fixed for a sitting of the House. Given that the maximum strength of the Lower House allotted by the Constitution of India is 552, using the 10% rule, the party of the leader of opposition use have at least 55 seats and not 75. 18 UPSC PRELIMS 2018


  12. Plants that exist in deserts have highly specialized means of adapting themselves to the arid environment. Intense evaporation increases the salinity of the so that the dissolved salts tend to aceumulate on the surface forming hard pans. Absence of moisture retards the rate of decomposition and desert soils are very deficient in humus, Plants, whether annuals or perennials must struggle for survival against both aridity and poor soil Most desert shrubs have long roots and are well spaced out to gather moisture, and search for ground water. Plants have few or no leaves and the foliage is either waxy, leathery, hairy or needle-shaped to reduce the loss of water through transpiration. Some of them are entirely leafless, with pricks or thorns. Others like the cacti have thick succulent stems to store up water for long droughts. There are stil others that shed their leaves during droughts. The seeds of many species of grasses and herbs have thick, tough skins to protect them while they lie dormant. They germinate at once when their se are moistened by the next rainIn short, all plants must adapt themselves to survive in such an n- hospitable region as the desert. Page 136 of GC Leong 21 UPSC PRELIMS 2018


  13. NSSO 70TH ROUND "SITUATION ASSESSMENT SURVEY OF AGRICULTURAL HOUSEHOLDS NSSO, Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, conducted Situation Assessment Survey of Agricultural Households in its 70h round (January - December, 2013). The survey covered the whole of the Indian Union. It aimed at capturing the condition of agricultural households in the rural areas of the country in the context of policies and programmes of Government of India. It was designed to collect information on various aspects relating to farming and other socio- economic characteristics of agricultural households. Information on consumer expenditure, information on income and productive assets, their indebtedness, farming practices and preferences, resource availability, awareness of technological developments, access to modern technology in the field of agriculture and information on crop loss & crop insurance was also collected . An agricultural household for this survey was defined as a household receiving value of produce, more than Rs.3000/- from agricultural and having at least one member self-employed in agriculture either in the principal status or in subsidiary status during last 365 days Source: PIB 24 UPSC PRELIMS 2018


  14. NSSO 70TH ROUND "SITUATION ASSESSMENT SURVEY OF AGRICULTURAL HOUSEHOLDS" - FINDINGS http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid-113796 Source: PIB 26 UPSC PRELIMS 2018


  15. Q3 As per the NSSO 70th Round "Situation Assessment Survey of Agricultural Households", consider the following statements: 1. Rajasthan has the highest percentage share of agricultural households among its rural households 2. Out of the total agricultural households in the country, a little over 60% belong to OBCs 3. In Kerala, a little over 60% of agricultural households reported to have received maximum income from sources other than agricultural activities Which of the statements given above is/are correct? a) 2 and 3 only b) 2 only c) 1 and 3 only d) 1, 2 and 3 27 UPSC PRELIMS 2018


  16. Q4 How is the National Green Tribunal (NGT) different from Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB)? The NGT has been established by an Act whereas CPCB has been created by an executive order of the Government 1. The NGT provides environmental justice and helps reduce the burden of litigation in the higher courts whereas the CPCB promoted cleanliness of streams and wells, and aims to improve the quality of air in the country. 2. Which of the statements given above is/are correct? a) 1 only b) 2 only c) Both 1 and 2 d) Neither 1 nor 2 28 UPSC PRELIMS 2018


  17. Q5 - Consider the following statements: The Parliament of India can place a particular law in the Ninth Schedule of the Constitution of India 1. 2. The validity of a law placed in the Ninth Schedule cannot be examined by any court and no judgement can be made on it Which of the statements given above is/are correct? a) 1 only b) 2 only c) Both 1 and 2 d) Neither 1 nor 2 32 UPSC PRELIMS 2018


  18. NINTH SCHEDULE .In IR Coelho versus State of Tamil Nadu, various laws placed in the Ninth Schedule were challenged on the ground that laws violating fundamental rights should be struck down as "unconstitutional" . In its January 2007 verdict on the issue, a nine-judge constitution bench contended: a) The SC upheld the validity of Article 31-B and Parliament's power to place a particular law in the Ninth Schedule; b) However, it held that laws placed in the Ninth Schedule were open to judicial scrutiny implying that such laws could not be entitled to blanket protection; c) In the wake of the Keshwanand Bharti Judgment on April 24, 1973, when it propounded the "basic structure" doctrine, such laws were open to challenge; d) If the SC has already upheld the validity of any Ninth Schedule Law, it would not be open to challenge such a law again on the principles declared in the latest judgment delivered on January 11, 2007; e) It laid down dual test to examine the validity of a law placed in the Ninth Schedule. 34 UPSC PRELIMS 2018


  19. Q6 - Which one of the following best describes the term "Merchant Discount Rate" sometimes seen in news? a) The incentive given by a bank to a merchant for accepting payments through debit cards pertaining to that bank b) The amount paid back by banks to their customers when they use debit cards for financial transactions for purchasing goods or services c) The charge to a merchant by a bank for accepting payments from his customers through the bank's debit cards d) The incentive given by the Government to merchants for promoting digital payments by their customers through Point of Sale (PoS) machines and debit cards 36 UPSC PRELIMS 2018


  20. MERCHANT DISCOUNT RATE MDR is a fee charged from a merchant by a bank for accepting payments from customers through credit and debit cards in their establishments. MDR compensates the card issuing bank, the lender which puts the PoS terminal and payment gateways such as Mastercard or Visa for their services. . MDR charges are usually shared in pre-agreed proportion between the bank and a merchant and is expressed in percentage of transaction amount. . Since 1 January, small merchants pay a maximum MDR of 0.4% of bill value and larger merchants pay 0.9%. To promote digital transactions, the government will bear MDR charges on transactions up to Rs 2,000 made through debit cards, BHIM UPI or Aadhaar- enabled payment systems. Source: Economic Times 37 UPSC PRELIMS 2018


  21. Q6 - Which one of the following best describes the term "Merchant Discount Rate" sometimes seen in news? a) The incentive given by a bank to a merchant for accepting payments through debit cards pertaining to that bank b) The amount paid back by banks to their customers when they use debit cards for financial transactions for purchasing goods or services c) The charge to a merchant by a bank for ccepting payments from his customers through the bank's debit cards. d) The incentive given by the Government to merchants for promoting digital payments by their customers through Point of Sale (PoS) machines and debit cards 38 UPSC PRELIMS 2018