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Preamble: Part 1 (in Hindi)
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Preamble part 1 - introduction HISTORY and essence of preamble , what is preamble

Gyan prakash mishra
hey this is Gyan ! b tech from nit Allahabad , runs a YouTube channel with more than 628k+ subscribers , I want to simplify the things

U
Unacademy user
thank u sir itni bdhiya class
Vipin Sahoo
10 months ago
Thanks Ranjana ji
kya baat hai sir ,unacademy pe hajir hai . achha laga sir
ji..aapki sewa me har samay tatpar
  1. PREAMBLE


  2. HISTORY .AMERICAN CONSTITUTION WAS FIRST BASED ON OBJECTIVE RESOLUTION ( 13 DEC 1946 22 JAN 1947)


  3. WHAT IS IT? INTRODUCTION/ PREFACE CONTAINS SUMMARY /ESSENCE IDENTITY CARD SOUL OF CONSTITUTION BASIC PHILOSOPHIES EXPLAINED NOBLE VISION (REFLECT DREAMS/ ASPIRATIONS OF FOUNDING FATHERS)


  4. ORIGINAL PREAMBLE TITUTION OF INDIA THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solennly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN DEMO CRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens JUSTICE, social,economic and political LIBERTY of thought, expression, belie,faith and worship EQUALITY of status and of opportunity: and to promote among them al FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity of the Nation IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this twenty sixth day of November, 1949, do HEREBY ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION.


  5. PREAMBLE (AS OF NOW) The Preamble in its present form reads: "We, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens: JUSTICE, Social, Economic and Political; LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship; EQUALITY of status and of opportunity; and to promote among them all; FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation; IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this twenty-sixth day of November, 1949, do HEREBY ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION"



  6. 4 COMPONENTS - NODS 1. Source of authority of the Constitution: The Preamble states that the Constitution derives its authority from the people of India. 2. Nature of Indian State: It declares India to be of a sovereign, socialist, secular democratic and republican polity. 3. Objectives of the Constitution: It specifies justice, liberty, equality and fraternity as the objectives. 4. Date of adoption of the Constitution: It stipulates November 26, 1949 as the date.


  7. KEY WORDS IN THE PREAMBLE Certain key words-Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, Democratic, Republic, Justice, Liberty, Equality and Fraternity


  8. Sovereign India is neither a dependency nor a dominion of any other nation, but an independent state 1950 dominion) no authority above it, and it is free to conduct its own affairs (both ( TILL 15 AUG 1947-DEPENDENCY OF BRITISH 15 AUG 1947 to 26 jan internal and external) UNO ( 1945) + Commonwealth of Nations ( 1949 ) membership Being a sovereign state, India can either acquire a foreign territory or . cede a part of its territory in favour of a foreign state


  9. SOCIALIST INTRODUCED BY 42ND CAA (1976) . what was hitherto implicit in the Constitution has now been made explicit. Avadi session RESOLUTION IN 1955 democratic socialism NOT communistic socialism (state socialism )


  10. SOCIALIST STATE SOCIALISM - all means of production and distribution and the abolition of private property. Democratic socialism, on the other hand, holds faith in a 'mixed economy' where both public and private sectors co-exist side by side


  11. SOCIALIST "Democratic socialism aims to end poverty, ignorance, disease and inequality of opportunity Indian socialism is a blend of Marxism and Gandhism, leaning heavily towards Gandhian socialism . The new economic policy (1991) of liberalisation, privatisation and globalisation has, however, diluted the socialist credentials of the Indian State


  12. SECULAR WORD ADDED BY 42ND CAA . ARTICLE 25 -28 (fundamental right to freedom of religion) POSITIVE CONCEPT (ALL RELIGIONS have the same status and support from the state)


  13. Republic . 2 types of democratic polity - monarch + republic Monarch - hereditary ( britain) Republic - elected ( directly - USA or indirectly -INDIA)


  14. JUSTICE . absence of restraints on the activities of individuals, and at the same time, providing opportunities_for the development of individual personalities * liberty of thought, expression, beliet, faith and worship, through their Fundamental Rights, enforceable in court of law, in case of violation NOT ABSOLUTE BUT QUALIFIED FRENCH


  15. EQUALITY equality' means the absence of special privileges to any section of the society, and the provision of adequate opportunities for all individuals without any discrimination equality of status and opportunity. This provision embraces three dimensions of equality-civic, political and economic


  16. EQUALITY . CIVIC ARTICLE 14, 15, 16, 17, 18 POLITICAL ARTICLE 325 326- no person is to be declared ineligible for inclusion in electoral rolls on grounds of religion, race, caste or sex (Article 325). Two, elections to the Lok Sabha and the state assemblies to be on the basis of adult suffrage (Article 326) ECONOMIC- ARTICLE 39 (EQUAL PAY FOR EQUAL WORK)


  17. SIGNIFICANCE basic philosophy and fundamental values political, moral and religious * grand and noble vision .HOROSCOPE MOST PRECIOUS PART * SOUL, KEY , JEWEL SET , PROPER YARDSTICK


  18. PREAMBLE AS A PART OF CONSTITUTION? .Berubari Union case (1960) - NOT A PART KESHAVNANDA BHARTI CASE 1973- IS A PART LIC OF INDIA CASE 1995 - INTEGRAL PART ENACTED AT THE END AFTER THE REST OF CONSTITUTION WAS ALREADY ENACTED


  19. PREAMBLE CAN BE AMENDED? YES BUT NOT BASIC FEATURES SC SAID BERUBARI 1960 - WRONG OPINION AMENDED ONLY ONCE (1976) - 42ND CAA - SSI


  20. At which case,the Supreme Court rejected the earlier opinion and held that Preamble is an integral part of the Constitution (a) Berubari Union case (1960) (b) Kesavananda Bharati case (1973) (c) Both (a) & (b) (d) None of the above


  21. At which case,the Supreme Court specifically opined that Preamble is not a part of the Constitution (a) Berubari Union case (1960) (b) Kesavananda Bharati case (1973) (c) Both (a) & (b) (d) None of the above


  22. The order of following words seen in Preamble is 1. DEMOCRATIC 2. SOCIALIST 3. SOVEREIGN 4. SECULAR 5. REPUBLIC (a) 3, 2, 4, 1, 5 (b) 2, 3, 4, 1,5 (c) 3, 2, 1, 4, 5 (d) 3, 1, 2, 5, 4


  23. The order of following words seen in Preamble is 1. DEMOCRATIC 2. SOCIALIST 3. SOVEREIGN 4. SECULAR 5. REPUBLIC (a) 3, 2, 4, 1, 5 (b) 2, 3, 4, 1,5 (c) 3, 2, 1, 4, 5 (d) 3, 1, 2, 5, 4