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Polity and Administration Powers, Functions, Term of President, Vice-President, Prime Minister Target JRF (for CBSE UGC NET Paper 1) By Navdeep Kaur
Contents: 1 Evolution of Indian Constitution 2 Various sources of our Constitution 3 Preamble to the Constitution, Important parts of Indian constitution 4 Powers, functions, term of President, Vice-President, Prime Minister 5 Central Council of Ministers and MCQs on Higher education system in India Follow me on Unacademy
Powers and functions The functions of Vice-President are twofold: 1. He acts as the ex-officio Chairman of Rajya Sabha. In this capacity, his powers and functions are similar to those of the Speaker of Lok Sabha. 2. He acts as President when a vacancy occurs in the office of the President due to his resignation, removal, death or otherwise. He can act as President only for a maximum period of six months, within which a new President has to be elected. Further, when the sitting President is unable to discharge his functions due to absence, illness or any other cause, the Vice-President discharges his functions until the President resumes his office.
While acting as President or discharging the functions of President, the Vice-President does not perform the duties of the office of the chairman of Rajya Sabha. During this period, those duties are performed by the Deputy Chairman of Rajya Sabha. If the offices of both the President and the Vice-President fall vacant by reason of death, resignation, removal etc the Chief Justice of India or in his absence the senior most judge of the Supreme Court acts as President. For the first time, during the 15-day visit of Dr. Rajendra Prasad to the Soviet Union in June 1960, the then Vice- President Dr. Radhakrishnan acted as the President. For the first time, in 1969, when the President Dr. Zakir Hussain died and the Vice-President V.V. Giri resigned, the Chief Justice Md. Hidayatullah acted as President
Prime Minister In the scheme of parliamentary system of government provided by the Constitution, the President is the nominal executive authority and Prime Minister is the real executive authority. The President is the head of the State while Prime Minister is the head of the government. Appointment of the Prime Minister Article 75 says that the Prime Minister shall be appointed by the President. The President appoints the leader of the majority party in the Lok Sabha as the Prime Minister. But, when no party has a clear majority in the Lok Sabha, then the President may exercise his personal discretion in the selection and appointment of the Prime Minister. Term The term of the Prime Minister is not fixed and he holds office during the pleasure of the President. So long as the Prime Minister enjoys the majority support in the Lok Sabha, he cannot be dismissed by the President. However, if he loses the confidence of the Lok Sabha, he must resign or the President can dismiss him.
Powers and functions of Prime Minister The powers and functions of Prime Minister can be studied under the following heads: He recommends persons who can be appointed as ministers by the President. He can recommend dissolution of the Lok Sabha to the President at any time. He is the chairman of the Planning Commission, National Development Council, National Integration Council, Inter-State Council and National Water Resources Council. . .
1 Which one of the following Articles of the Constitution of India safeguards the rights of Minorities to establish and run educational institutions of their own liking? (A) Article 19 (B) Article 29 (C) Article 30 (D) Article 31 Answer C Article 30 in The Constitution Of India 1949: Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions Article 29 Protection of Interests of Minorities
2 Match List - I (Institutions) with List - Il (Functions) and select the correct answer by using the code given below: List - I (Institutions) (a) Parliament (b) C & A.G. (c) Ministry of Finance (d) Executing Departments (iv) Legality of expenditure List Il (Functions) (i) Formulation of Budget (ii) Enactment of Budget (ii) Implementation of Budget (v) Justification of Income Code: 01 ( (i i) (iv) [ii) Answer B
3 The Parliament in India is composed of (A) Lok Sabha & Rajya Sabha (B) Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha & Vice President (C) Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha & President (D) Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha with their Secretariats Answer C 4 Which one of the following statements reflects the republic character of Indian democracy? (A) Written Constitution (B) No State religion (C) Devolution of power to local Government institutions (D) Elected President and directly or indirectly elected Parliament Answer D 5 Consider the following statements: Identify the statement which implies natural justice. (A) The principle of natural justice is followed by the Courts. (B) Justice delayed is justice denied. (C) Natural justice is an inalienable right of a citizen (D) A reasonable opportunity of being heard must be given. Answer C
6 The President of India is (A) The Head of State (B) The Head of Government (C) Both Head of the State and the Head of the Government (D) None of the above Answer A The President of the Republic of India is the head of state of India and the commander-in-chief of the Indian Armed Forces. 7 Which one of the following is not situated in New Delhi? (A) Indian Council of Cultural Relations (B) Indian Council of Scientific Research (C) National Council of Educational Research and Training (D) Indian Institute of Advanced Studies Answer D The Indian Institute of Advanced Study (IAS) is a research institute based in Shimla, India. It was set up by the Ministry of Education, Government of India in 1964 and it started functioning from 20 October 1965