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Plato -Part 1
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Plato provides us with a description of a just society ruled by erudite Philosophers. This lesson is an elucidation of Plato’s principles as contained in the Republic. Please note that Plato died around 348 BC and not 384.

Sweta Chowdhury
Xaverian and Presidencian possessing B.A. and M.A. in Political Science with a quest for liberating through knowledge. UGC NET qualified.

Unacademy user
very nive course mam
thank you, please also share the course with your friends
mam if Plato died around 384 BC then how it can written his republic book around 380 BC how is this possibe? ???
Shivam pandey
5 months ago
OF COURSE MAM BC IS COUNT IN BACKWARD ACCORDING TO NUMBER SERIES IF WE COUNT IN BACKWARD THEN 384 COME FIRST AFTER THAT 380 COME. PLEASE MAM UNDERSTAND WHAT I AM TRYING TO SAY
Shivam pandey
5 months ago
MAM I HAVE A BASIC KNOWLEDGE . MY INTENTION IS ONLY TO CORRECT SUCH MINOR MISTAKE .
Sweta Chowdhury
5 months ago
It should be 348 BC(approx)not 384.Thank you for pointing out Sir. Sorry about the typing mistake.:)
Sweta Chowdhury
5 months ago
I did not notice the typing error. Please keep pointing out things as and when you notice them. I appreciate your intention. Thanks.:)
Shivam pandey
5 months ago
OK MAM I KNOWN VERY WELL, SUCH MINOR MISTAKE HAD DONE BY MISTAKENLY AND THANKS MAM FOR PROVIDING SUCH AWESOME COURSES TO US. :)
Madam plz can u make us a total course on politicial science and international relations...wich will b help ful for us
Aditya Ankur
a year ago
Follow Amritanshu..He has really made an exceptional course with very lucid explanation..Content is in English..
is that his videos enough to study for our exam point of view ?
Aditya Ankur
a year ago
Yeah... Because He has really made tough topics sound simple.. plus He is very concise and direct to the point.. He has followed a very 2018 oriented approach...Just watch his 5-7 lessons you will get to know..
Madam plz can u make us a total course on politicial science and international relations...wich will b help ful for us
Madam plz can u make us a total course on politicial science and international relations...wich will b help ful for us
Madam plz can u make us a total course on politicial science and international relations...wich will b help ful for us
  1. WESTERN POLITICAL THOUGHT PLATO Lesson 1 BY SWETA CHOWDHURY


  2. ABOUT BIRTH: 428 BC (approx) ORGANISATION: Academy MNORWORKS: THE REPUBLIC, TIMAEUS, PHAEDO LAWS, APOLOGY SYMPOSIUM DEATH: 384 BC (approx)


  3. PALTO'S BOOK- AN ETERNAL DOCUMENT REPUBLIC 380 BC (approx) A bold philosophical treatise-timeless principles-no reference to historical situations We Il arranged and sustained treatment of social and political problems Themes dealt with by Plato-just society, state, individual, aesthetics, theology, psychology, education


  4. CENTRAL PROPOSITIONS FIRST PRINCIPLE: "A Political Society Constitutes a Natural Whole, With Its Own Kind of Excellence and Well-being" Link between society and individual-individuals are fastened to society-close- knit system society is a tight whole-capability of itself being just, wise, courageous, temperate- combines the virtues of individuals and becomes a living whole Study of society is more viable than the study of individuals


  5. CENTRAL PROPOSITIONS Task of rulers-unique protection to the cooperative whole of society- good of the society Well-being of all the members in society, no partial treatment- equal attention to the interests of every societal group irrespective of power, wealth or ambition of the groups


  6. CENTRAL PROPOSITIONS Foundation of society-Justice Just Society-satisfaction of common needs of men-attained through a strict shoemakers must only make shoes and farmers must only engage in agriculture- rejection of the concept of Jack of all Trades' division of labour- utilisation of the gifted skills-


  7. CENTRAL PROPOSITIONS SECOND PRINCIPLE: A Political Society Should Look To Its Well-Being As A Whole As An Overriding Aim: That Is, As An Aim Which, In Cases Of Conflict, Takes Precedence Over Others" Education of the rulers of Plato's just society


  8. PLATO'S PHILOSOPHER KINGS Training of the rulers-vigorous and comprehensive-upto the age of Thirty Five- Knowledge in the disciplines of gymnastics, mathematics, literature, science, philosophy * Philosophy- Highest level of education Practical experience through travelling-last stage Screening tests in each successive stage of education- promotion to the next level on the basis of their performance CHARACTER BUILDING ON SECULAR PRINCIPLES- BAN ON RELIGIOUS LITERATURE JUSTICE,COURAGE, TEMPERANCE,GOODNESS- RULER


  9. PLATO'S PHILOSOPHER KINGS * Austere livelihood of the rulers- equated to the lives of soldiers living in barracks- their position as rulers was a reward in itself- no marriage, property or wealth, no voting rights Holy connections- sacred unity between trained men and women who rule over society- birth of equally intelligent children- no real marriage- supervised Communal Nurseries- philosopher kings were prevented from identifying their own children- not their sole possession- reared up in a collective space and in a collective manner Rulers could not be hereditary * Recognition of women as rulers


  10. CENTRAL PROPOSITIONS THIRD PRINCIPLE: "What Constitutes the Well-Being Of Society Is A Matter Of Objective Fact, Discoverable By Those Who Have The Relevant Ability And Specialized Training." Necessary and unalterable "Forms" in society. Justice, Beauty, Goodness-subject matter of objective truth Philosophers-systematic realization of truth- knowledge- permanent moral and political formulae- JUSTICE AND GOODNESS- perfecting the imperfect condition of men RULE BY NON-PHILOSOPHERS. UNJUST SOCIETY