PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY Atmosphere SHORT TRICKY NOTES COMPLETE SIN SYLLABUS Save/enroll
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Atmosphere The envelope of air that completely surrounds the earth is known as atmosphere. The atmosphere extends to about 1000 km from the surface of the earth. But 99% of the total mass of the atmosphere is found within 32 km. This is because the atmosphere is held by the gravitational pull of the earth.
Composition of the Atmosphere (i) Nitrogen-78% (ii) Oxygen-21% (iii) Argon-0.93% (iv) Carbondioxide-0.03% (v)Neon-0.0018% (vi) Helium-0.0005% (vii) Ozone-0.0006% (viii) Hydrogen-0.00005%
carbon dioxide is present in small quantity in the atmosphere It is an important constituent of air because it has the ability to absorb heat and thus keep the atmosphere warm, thereby, balancing the heat of the earth Dust intercepts and reflects incoming insolation. The polluted particles present in the air not only absorb the larger amount of insolation but also greatly absorb the terrestrial radiation. Dust in the atmosphere contributes to the red and orange colour of sunrise and sunset.
Layers of the Atmosphere There are five distinct layers of the atmosphere (a) Troposphere (b) Stratosphere (c) Mesosphere (d) Thermosphere (e) Exosphere
IONOSPHERE (aurora) 350km MESOSPHERE OZONE LAYER 90km STRATOSPHERE TROPOPAUSE 50km TROPOSPHERE 18km 14km EARTH
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