Introduction In modern English it is very usual to place prepositions or adverbs after certain verbs sona to obtain a variety of meanings: Give away- give to somebody / anyone Give up - abandon ( a habit or attempt) Look after- take care of Look out - beware
The student need not try to decide whether the combination is verb + preposition or verb + adverb, but should consider the expression as a whole. It is also important to learn whether the combination is transitive ( requires an object) or cannot have an object ( intransitive) Look for ( is transitive) : I'mlooking for my passport.
Look out is (intransitive) : Look out! This ice isn't safe! Each of the combinations will be either transitive or intransitive. Note that there might be one or more meanings to some of the transitive and intransitive words. Took off = also means to take off clothes hat, can also mean to moving away from the ground: flight taking off
. Transitive expression: the position of the object Noun objects are usually placed at the end of these expressions: I am looking for my glasses. With some expressions, however,they can be placed either at the end or immediately after the verb, that is before the short word.
Example: He took off his coat or He took his coat off. Pronoun objects are sometimes placed at the end of an expression: I am looking for them. But they are more often placed immediately after the verb : He took it off. This position is usual before the following short words : up,down, in, out, away,off.
When these expressions are followed by a verb object the general forms of the verb is used: He kept on blowing his horn Where gerunds are usual this will be shown by exMples. Note that some expressions can be followed by an infinitive:
It is up to you to decode this for yourself. Some of the younger members called on the minister to resign. The lecturer set out to show that most illnesses were avoidable. Go on can be followed by either an infinitive or gerund but there is a considerable difference in the meaning.
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