State Legislature& Council Of Ministers UPSC CDS/CAPF/NDA/CSE/AFCAT/STATE PSC
State Legislature * The state legislature occupies a pre- eminent and central position in thee political system of a state. . Articles 168 to 212 in Part VI of the Constitution deal with the organisation, composition, duration, officers, procedures, privileges, powers and so on of the state legislature.
ORGANISATION OF STATE LEGISLATURE There is no uniformity in the organisation of state legislatures. * Most of the states have an unicameral system, while others have a bicameral system two Houses (bicameral) Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Maharashtra, At present (2018), only seven states have . These are Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka and Jammu and Kashmir
* The twenty-two states have unicameral system . Here, the state legislature consists of the governor and the legislative assembly In the states having bicameral system, the state legislature consists of the governor, the legislative council and the legislative assembly
The legislative council (Vidhan Parishad) is the upper house (second chamber or house of elders), while the legislative assembly (Vidhan Sabha) is the lower house (first chamber or popular house) * The Constitution provides for the abolition or creation of legislative councils in states. * Accordingly, the Parliament can abolish a legislative council (where it already exists) or create it (where it does not exist), if the egislative assembly of the concerned state passes a resolution to that effect. * Such a specific resolution must be passed by the state assembly by a special majority.
* The idea of having a second chamber in the states was criticised in the Constituent Assembly on the ground that it was not representative of the people, that it delayed legislative process and that it was an expensive institution.
COMPOSITION OF TWO HOUSES Composition of Assembly Strength:- * The legislative assembly consists of representatives directly elected by the people on the basis of universal adult franchise. Its maximum strength is fixed at 500 and minimum strength at 60
Nominated Member * The governor can nominate one member from the Anglo-Indian community, if the community is not adequately represented in the assembly Originally, this provision was to operate for ten years (ie, upto 1960). But this duration has been extended continuously since then by 10 years each time. Now under the 95th Amendment Act of 2009, this is to last until 2020
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