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AMI https://unacademy.com/user/talktoamitsaini DUPSC Civil Service Mains 2017 Rajasthan Civil Services Mains DUPSC EPFO Enforcement Officer 2017 2017 (finally selected ; interview panel: ALKA SIROHI madam's) OSSC CGLE 2012 (finally selected) DSSC CPO 2015 (finally selected) unacalemy
Agriculture UPSC Prelims & Mains BY AMIT SAINI
1X 393.9k 49 views Amit SAINI Educator since August 2017 UPSC CSE 2017 mains, SSC CGL 2012 selected, UPSC EPFO interview 2017(IN THE FINAL RESERVE LIST) RAS 2017 mains,SSC CPO 2015 selected, B Edit Review Overview of the Course 00:01 13.7k 8 37 Followers Following Courses Follow Share Write your review here All courses (Hindi) Stone Age to Sultanate: Part lI HINDI Crash Course (Hindi) Stone Age to Sultanate: Part ll 49 (10 ratings) AMIT SAINI Done Amit SAINI 4.9 (10 ratings) Write a review All lessons ENGLISH Crash Course All lessons Babur to Babri: Detailed Story of Modern Indian History Overview of the Course (in Hindi) Overview of the Course (in Hindi) 12m 26 01 49 (75 ratings) Armit SAINI 5 lessons 1 hours of learning Save 114
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TOPICS IN GENERAL Major crops cropping patterns i od security; various parts of the country, Different types of irrigation and VTechnology missions Economics of animal-rearing irrigation systems Storage, transport and Marketing of agricultural produce and significance, location, upstream and Food processing and related industries in indiascope and issues and related constraints, E-technology in the aid of farmers Supply chain management. issues related to direct and indirect Land reforms in india downstream requirements, arm subsidies and m n mum support VAgriculture & allied sector prices, Public distribution system objectives, functioning, limitati ns, revamping; VSchemes & programmes Issues of buffer stocks and Policies & laws
The history of Agriculture in India dates back to Indus Valley Civilization Era and even before that in some parts of Southern India. Today, India ranks second worldwide in farm outputs.agriculture and allied sectors like forestry and fisheries accounted for 13.7% of the GDP (gross domestic product) in 2013, about 50% of the workforce.The economic contribution of agriculture to India's GDP is steadily declining with the country's broad-based economic growth Still, agriculture is demographically the broadest economic sector and plays a significant role in the overall socio-economic fabric of India
India exported $38 billion worth of agricultural products in 2013, making it the seventh largest agricultural exporter worldwide and the sixth largest net exporter. Most of its agriculture exports serve developing and least developed nations. Indian agricultural/horticultural and processed foods are exported to more than 120 countries, primarily in the Middle East, Southeast Asia, SAARC countries, the EU and the United States
Over 2500 years ago, Indian farmers had discovered and begun farming many spices and sugarcane. It was in India, between the sixth and four BC, that the Persians, followed by the Greeks, discovered the famous "reeds that produce honey without bees" being grown. These were locally called HRR, (S khara). On their return journey, the Macedonian soldiers Major Crop Areas Areas with two predominate crops R Rice w Wheat Jowar (Sorghum) B Bajra (millet) Forest and Scrub Sparse vegetation carried the "honey bearing reeds," thus spreading sugar and sugarcane agricult ure People in India had invented, by about 500 BC, the process to produce sugar crystals. In the local language, these W R crystals were called khanda (US), which is the source of the word cand)y
SOME FACTS WITH INDIAN AGRICULTURE . As per the 2010 FAQ world agriculture statistics India is the world's largest producer of many fresh fruits like banana, mango, guava, papaya, lemon and vegetables like chickpea, okra and milk, major spices like chili pepper, ginger, fibrous crops such as jute, staples such as millets and castor oil seed India is the second largest producer of wheat and rice, the world's major food staples. India is currently the world's second or third largest producer of several dry fruits, agriculture-based textile raw materials, roots and tuber crops, pulses, farmed fish, eggs, coconut, sugarcane and numerous vegetables. . India ranked in the world's five largest producers of over 80% of agricultural produce items,jincluding many cash crops such
India is one of the world's five largest producers of livestock and poultry meat, with one of the fastest growth rates, as of 2011. One report from 20o8 claimed India's population is growing faster than its ability to produce rice and wheat . Other recent studies claim India can easily feed its growing population, plus produce wheat and rice for global exports, if it can reduce food staple spoilage, improve its infrastructure and raise its farm productivity to those achieved by other developing countries such as Brazil and China.
Aquaculture and catch fishery is amongst the fastest growing industries in India. Between 1990 and 2o10, the Indian fish capture harvest doubled, while aquaculture harvest tripled. In 2008, India was the world's sixth largest producer of marine and freshwater capture fisheries and the second largest aquaculture farmed fish producer. India exported 600,ooo metric tonnes of fish products to nearly half of the world's countries. Though the available nutritional standard is 100% of the requirement, India lags far behind in terms of quality protein intake at 20% which is to be tackled by making available protein rich food products such as eggs, meat, fish, chicken, etc. at affordable prices
It began with the decision to adopt superior yielding, disease resistant wheat varieties in combination with better farming knowledge to improve productivity. The state of Punjab led India's green revolution and earned the distinction of being the country's bread basket. The initial increase in production was centred on the irrigated areas of the states of Punjab, Haryana and western Uttar Pradesh. With the farmers and the government officials focusing on farm productivity and knowledge transfer, India's total foodgrain production soared.
With agricultural policy success in wheat, India's Green Revolution technology spread to rice. However, since irrigation infrastructure was very poor, Indian farmers innovated with tube-wells, to harvest ground water. When gains from the new technolo reached their limits in the states of initial adoption, the technology spread in the 197os and 1g8os to the states of eastern India Bihar, Odisha and West Bengal. The lasting benefits of the improved seeds and new technology extended principally to the irrigated areas which account for about one-third of the harvested crop area. In the 198os, Indian agriculture policy shifted to "evolution of a production pattern in line with the demand pattern" leading to a shift in emphasis to other agricultural commodities like oilseed, fruit and vegetables. Farmers began adopting improved methods and technologies in dairying, fisheries and livestock, and meeting the diversified food needs of a growing population
Largest agricultural products in India by value Unit price (US$/kilogram, 2009) Average yield (tonnes per hectare, 2010) Most productive country (tonnes per hectare, 2010) 12.03 23.7 10.3 Rank Commodity Value (USS, 2013) 42.57 billion $27.92 billion $18.91 billion $13.98 bilon $10.79 billion $10.42 billion $8.65 billion 7.77 billion $7.11 billion $6.74 billion $6.27 billion $4.33 billion $4.11 billion $4.06 billion $4.05 billion 3.43 billion $3.32 billion $3.25 billion $3.18 billion $3.09 billion 0.27 3.99 0.63 Australia India Israel Netherlands 0.31 Cow milk Wheat Mangoes, guavas 4 0.15 ugar cane 0.03 125 Israel Indonesia United States Belgium United States Bananas 0.28 0.15 0.37 0.19 2.69 1.96 0.35 37.8 19.9 19.3 13.4 0.138 59.3 tatoes Tomatoes Fresh vegetables Buffalo meat Groundnuts Okra Onion 524.9 76.8 0.424 17.0 23.9 67.3 hailand China Israel Ireland China 16.6 0.64 Chicken meat Fresh fruits Hen eggs 10.6 20.2 Nicaragua Japan Turk 0.26
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