HIGHER EDUCATION SYSTEM FOR UGC NET/JRF GENERAL PAPER 1 Overview/ Objectives/ Functions & Architecture Of Higher Education System RATE/REVIEW/COMMENT &FOLLOW ME @ https://www.unacademy.com/user/barthwal.priyashi
Higher Education Overview The Department of Higher Education, MHRD, is responsible for the overall development of the basic infrastructure of Higher Education sector, both in terms of policy and planning. Under a planned development process, the Department looks after expansion of access and qualitative improvement in the Higher Education, through world class Universities, Colleges and other Institutions. Objectives: To expand the Higher Education sector in all is modes of delivery to increase the Gross Enrolment Ratio 30% by the year 2020
To expand institutioner oase om me cree mort ren unhe reenmcAL professional and vocational education) by creating additional capacity in existing institutions, establishing new institutions and incentivizing State Governments and Non-Governmental Organizations/civil society. To provide opportunities of Higher Education to socially-deprived communities and remove To enhance plan support for infrastructure and faculty development in the institutions of To promote development of Indian languages. disparities by promoting the inclusion of women, minorities and differently-abled persons. higher learning and to attract talent towards careers in teaching and research To promote collaboration with International community, foreign governments, universities/institutions and regional and international institutions, for the advancement of universal knowledge and intellectual property rights
To promote amorry r ger learning To undertake institutional restructuring for improving efficiency, relevance and creativity in Higher Education. Functions: Enhancement of Gross Enrollment Ratio by expanding access through all modes. Promoting the participation of these sections of the society whose GER is lower than the national average. To improve quality and to promote academic reforms Setting up of new educational institutions and also capacity expansion and improvement of the existing institutions. Use of Technology in Higher Education.
* Development of Voc ucatiom Development of Indian Languages. International Collaboration in the field ofeducation. Higher Education Architecture 1. Curriculum & Pedagogy 2. Faculty 3. Research 4. Partnership 5. Infrastructure 6. Funding Govermance T eaderchin
Higher Education sector has witnessed a tremendous increase in the number of Universitres tv level Institutions & Colleges since Indenendana In India, "University" means a University established or incorporated by or under a Central Act, a Provincial Act or a State Act and includes any such institution as may, in consultation with the University concerned, be recognized by the University Grants Commission (UGC) in accordance with the regulations made in this regard under the UGC Act, 1956 Higher Education is the shared responsibility of both the Centre and the States. The coordination and determination of standards in Universities & Colleges is entrusted to the UGC and other statutory regulatory bodies. The Central Government provides grants to the UGC and establishes Central Universities/Institutions of National Importance in the country. The Central Government is also responsible for declaring an educational institution as "Deemed-to-be University" on the recommendations of the UGC.
Central University A university established or incorporated by a Central Act. State University: A university established or incorporated by a Provincial Act or by a State Act. Private University: A university established through a State/Central Act by a sponsoring body viz. A Society registered under the Societies Registration Act 1860, or any other corresponding law for the time being in force in a State or a Public Trust or a Company registered under Section 25 of the Companies Act, 1956.
Deemed-to-be University: An Institution Deemed to be University, commonly known as Deemed University, refers to a high-performing institution, which has been so declared by Central Government under Section 3 of the University Grants Commission (UGC) Act, 1956 Institution of National Importance: An Institution established by Act of Parliament and declared as Institution of National Importance Institution under State Legislature Act: An institution established or incorporated by a State Legislature Act.
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