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Second ARC Siva Prasad
About Me . Bachelors and Masters in Physics from Indian Institute of Science (ISc), Bangalore .INSPIRE Scholar, DST Govt. of India Interested in Physics, current affairs, economics.... . Physicist, Blogger, Teacher.... Wrote UPSC CSE Mains 2017 Research Publication in Journal of Applied Physics
Contents Introduction Recommendations on > Refurbishing of Personnel Administration Ethics in Governance Local Governance RTI Public Order Combating Terrorism Crisis Management Promoting e-Governance
ntroduction The second Administrative Reforms Commission (ARC) was constituted by the Government of India (Department of Administrative Reforms and Public Grievances, Ministry of Personnel) in August 2005 under the Chairmanship of Veerappa Moily. It was constituted to prepare a detailed blueprint for revamping the public administration system. . It completed its work in May 2009. In all, the commissiorn submitted 15 reports to the Government
Major Recommendations . On Refurbishing of Personnel Administration: o The permissible age for appearing in the Civil Services Examination should be 21 to 25 years for general candidates, 21 to 28 years for candidates from OBC and 21 to 29 years for candidates from SC/S?T as also for those who are physically challenged. o The number of permissible attempts in the Civil Services Examination should be 3, 5, 6 and 6 respectively for general candidates, candidates from OBC, candidates from SC/ST and physically challenged candidates respectively
o The Preliminary Examination should consist of an objective type test having one or two papers on general studies including the Constitution of India, the Indian legal system, Indian economy, polity, history and culture. There should be no optional subjects. o The Main Examination should consist of two papers only in the compulsory subjects. These compulsory subjects may include Constitution of India, Indian legal system, Indian economy, polity, history and culture etc. The question papers should be of the conventional descriptive type. Besides, there should be a separate essay paper as a part of the Main Examination. o The induction of officers of the State Civil Services into the IAS should be done by the UPSC on the basis of a common examination. o Every government servant should undergo a mandatory training at the induction stage and also periodically during his/her career. Successful completion of these training program should be a minimum necessary condition for confirmation in service and subsequent promotions.
o A national institute of good governance may be set up by upgrading one of the existing national/state institutes. This institute would identify, document, and disseminate best practices and also conduct training programs. o For making appraisal more consultative and transparent, the performance appraisal systems for all Services should be modified on the lines of the recently introduced Performance Appraisal Rules (PAR) for the All India Services. o The Government should expand the scope of the present performance appraisal system of its employees to a comprehensive performance management system (PMS) o Annual performance agreements should be signed between the departmental minister and the Secretary of the ministry/heads of departments, providing physical and verifiable details of the work to be done during a financial year. The actual performance should be assessed by a third party
o For a transparent system of appointments in the government, covering all ranks, the Commission has suggested the setting up of a Central Civil Services Authority. The Authority should be a five-member body with the Chairperson appointed by the President on the recommendations of the Prime Minister and the Leader of the Opposition to make it totally apolitical o The Commission is of the view that in order to avoid any conflict of interest, government officials should not be allowed to go on deputation to private commercial organizations. O In order to increase accountability, the Commission suggested a periodic review of the performance for which it recommended a svstem of two intensive reviews one on completion of 14 years of service and the other on completion of 20 years. The first review will primarily serve the purpose of intimating individual about his/her performance and the second is mainly to assess the fitness of the officer for his/her future continuation in service. The employees found unfit after 20 years should be dispensed with
o The Government of India should establish National Institutes of Public Administration to run Bachelor's Degree courses in public administration/governance/management. o The selected universities should also be assisted to offer such graduate level programs in public administration/governance/public management. o These graduates from the National Institutes of Public Administration and selected universities would be eligible for appearing in the Civil Services Examination. o Further, other graduates would also be eligible to appear in the Civil Services Examination provided they complete a 'Bridge Course' in the core subjects. The Bridge Course should be run by the same national institutes/universities.
Ethics in Governance: o The Commission has called for providing in the Constitution a national ombudsman, Rashtriya Lokayukta, which will cover all the union ministers and chief ministers, MPs and others but will not cover the PM's office. o In the electoral and political spheres, it suggested partial state funding of elections, tightening of anti-defection law, a collegium for appointment of Chief Election Commissioner and other Commissioners, code of ethics for ministers and a law to define "office of profit" o It recommended abolition of schemes under which MPs and MLAs are allocated funds for their local area development.
Summary of the Mandal Commission Report Siva Prasad
Introduction . The Mandal Commission in India was appointed in 1979 by the Janata Party government with a mandate to "identify the socially or educationally backward." It was headed by Bindheswari Prasad Mandal. It gave its report in 1982.
Economic Criteria . Castes/Classes where the average value of family assets is at least 25 per cent below the state average. Castes/Classes where the number of families living in Kuccha houses is at least 25 per cent above the state average. Castes/Classes where the source of drinking water is beyond half a kilometer for more than 50 percent of the households. . Castes/Classes where the number of households having taken consumption loans is at least 25 percent above the State average.