INDIAN EXPRESS EDITORIALS COMPILATION NOVEMBER 2018 FOR UPSC PRE AND MAINS 2019 NEWS HIGHLIGHTS NEWS EVENTS ot locally and nutial NEWS AND EVENT PRESENTED BY Dr. SWASTI SINHA
Cure In Progress - Nov 1 FOOD MEDICINE SUCCESS HEALTH FITNESS WEIGHT CLEAN
Importance: GS Paper Il: Health Related Issues Q Suggested Question: TB and NCDs are among the most leading cause of death and lost productivity in the South East Asia. Discuss the role of WHO South East Asia and collective efforts of countries in the region in tackling TB and NCDS
Public Health Challenges: The UN General Assembly (UNGA) deliberated on how best to address tuberculosis (TB). .The world's most esteemed political forum also deliberated on combating noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). . Gains from UNGA Deliberation: o It provided the region significant scope to: Consolidate gains Accelerate progress Promote game-changing innovations in these areas o It provided the member states an open and global platform to: Highlight the problem's significance Present a detailed outline of how they are addressing it
It gave them an opportunity to underscore increase high-burden countries have made in domestic funding. o It emphasised that an increased allocation of resources from the global community could generate momentum in combating the disease. o Much emphasis was placed on harnessing greater investment in research and development particularly for: Developing low-cost, affordable diagnostics and drugs to treat the disease. o It highlighted the areas which require more spending and how governments can be better supported in implementing their countryspecific plans. This includes emphasising the significance of preventive measures. These measures are among the most cost-effective ways to deal with the problem
South East Asia: . For several years WHO South East Asia and its member states have been ground zero in the battle against TB and NCDs. . The region accounts for 50 per cent of TB-associated mortality. The disease is region's leading cause of death and lost productive years in the crucial 15-49 years old age group. .TB/HIV co-infection is responsible for 25 per cent of AIDS-related deaths.
NCDs and TB: o The region accounts for over a quarter of the world's population. o It is home to around 29 per cent of NCD-related premature mortality. o Efforts by countries: Many of these deaths are preventable. .In recent years each one of them has shown unprecedented political commitment to tackle TB
Bold Initiatives: .'Delhi Call for Action' and 'Statement of Action' is two bold steps to accelerate sustainable progress to end TB by 2030. The commitment continues to be reflected in on-the-ground action. Initiatives are being aimed at: o Scaling up active case-finding o Increasing nutritional assistance for TB sufferers o Addressing latent TB o Enhancing investments in research and development . Political resolve to tackle NCDs has also been robust.
Colombo Declaration of 2016: o Each country in the region is committed to integrating NCD services at the primary level. o Country-specific multi-sectoral action plans to counter the problem have been developed and rolled out region-wide. o These include a range of ground-breaking initiatives: Nutrient labelling systems that enhance health literacy Promoting physical activity through the provision of outdoor gyms
Conclusion: .The member states are well prepared to deal with the public health challenges. The WHO South-East Asia worked to support them on technical and procedural matters. .The member states are making strong inroads in tackling TB and NCDs. These gains must be consolidated, sustainable progress accelerated, and innovation promoted and pursued as a matter of priority. The UNGA's High-Level meetings offered them an opportunity to make that happen.