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National Human Rights Commission
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In this lesson Charu deals with establishment, composition, functions of National Human Rights Commission.

Charu Modi is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Charu Modi
Having completed Masters in Law with gold medal from Lucknow University, qualified NET in July 2018 and has taught at Ambition Law Institute

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Thank u sir ... Ans a=20 b=30
sum of the present age is 50

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  4. ESTABLISHMENT OF THE COMMISSION The National Human Rights Commission is a statutory (and not a constitutional) bodv. It was established in 1993 under a legislation enacted by the Parliament., namely, the Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993 The specific objectives of the establishment of the commission are (a) To strengthen the institutional arrangements through which human rights issues could be addressed in their entirety in a more focussed manner; (b) To look into allegations of excesses, independently of the government, in a manner that would underline the government's commitment to protect human rights, and (c) To complement and strengthen the efforts that have already been made in this direction

  5. COMPOSITION OF THE COMMISSION The commission is a multi-member body consisting of a chairman and four members. The chairman should be a retired chief justice of India, and members should be serving or retired judges of the Supreme Court, a serving or retired chief justice of a high court and two persons having knowledge or practical experience with respect to human rights. In addition to these full- time members, the commission also has four ex-officio members-the chairmen of the National Commission for Minorities, the NationalCommission for SCs, the National Commission for STs and the National Commission for Women The chairman and members are appointed by the president on the recommendations of a six-member committee consisting of the prime minister as its head, the Speaker of the Lok Sabha, the Deputy Chairman of the Raiya Sabha, leaders of the Opposition in both the Houses of Parliament and the Central home minister Further, a sitting judge of the Supreme Court or a sitting chief justice of a high court can be appointed only after consultation with the chief justice of India. The chairman and members hold office for a term of five years or until they attain the age of 70 years, whichever is earlier.

  6. The president can remove the chairman or any member from the office under the following circumstances: (a) If he is adjudged an insolvent; or If he engages, during his term of office, in any paid employment outside the duties of his office; or (c) If he is unfit to continue in office by reason of infirmity of mind or body; or (d) If he is of unsound mind and stand so declared by a competent court, or (e) If he is convicted and sentenced to imprisonment for an offence.

  7. FUNCTIONS OF THE COMMISSION The functions of the Commission are: (a) To inquire into any violation of human rights or negligence in the prevention of such violation by a public servant, either suo motu or on a petition presented to it or on an order of a court. To intervene in any proceeding involving allegation of violation of human rights pending before a court. (c) To visit jails and detention places to study the living conditions of inmates and make recommendation thereon. d) To review the constitutional and other legal safeguards for the protection of n rights and recommend measures for their effective implementation. huma (e) To review the factors including acts of terrorism that inhibit the enjoyment of human rights and recommend remedial measures.

  8. (f) To study treaties and other international instruments on human rights and make recommendations for their effective implementation. (g) To undertake and promote research in the field of human rights. (h) To spread human rights literacy among the people and promote awareness of the safeguards available for the protection of these rights. G) To encourage the efforts of non-governmental organisations (NGOs) working in the field of human rights. ) To undertake such other functions as it may consider necessary for the promotion of human rights.