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Municipalities - 1 (in Hindi)
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History of urban local self Government institutions , 74 Constitutional amendment act, constitutionalisation , 8 types of municipalities

Gyan prakash mishra
hey this is Gyan ! b tech from nit Allahabad , runs a YouTube channel with more than 628k+ subscribers , I want to simplify the things

U
Unacademy user
p lease give me spelling
welcome to study for civil services 😁😁😉😊
The system of panchayti raj came into force on 24th April 1993 under 7 3rd CAA, 1992
sir, please make this course in English also..
  1. LOCAL GOV MUNICIPALITIES By GYAN


  2. What this course will cover? 1. Basic understanding of LOCAL GOVERNMENT / MUNICIPALITIES 2. MCQ FOR PRACTISE/PREVIOUS YEAR QUESTIONS 3. BASIC UNDERSTANDING By GYAN


  3. BASIC UNDERSTANDING municipality * "Urban Local Government' in India signifies the governance of an urban area by the people through their elected representatives The jurisdiction of an urban local government is limited to a specific urban area which is demarcated for this purpose by the state government By GYAN


  4. BASIC UNDERSTANDING . There are 8 tvpes of urban local governments in India-municipal corporation, municipality, notified area committee, town area committee, cantonment board, township, port trust and special purpose agency. The system of urban government was constitutionalised through the 74th Constitutional Amendment Act of 1992. . e At the Central level, the subject of urban local government' is dealt with by the following three ministries: (i) Ministry of Urban Development, created as a separate ministry in 1985 (ii) Ministry of Defence in the case of cantonment board:s (ii) Ministry of Home Affairs in the case of Union Territories By GYAN


  5. HISTORY urban local government institutions originated and developed in modern India during the period of British rule. The major events in this context are as follows: (i) In 1687-88, the first municipal corporation in India was set up at (ii) In 1726, the municipal corporations were set up in Bombay and (iii) Lord Mayo's Resolution of 1870 on financial decentralisation (iv) Lord Ripon's Resolution of 1882 has been hailed as the 'Magna Madras. Calcutta. visualised the development of local self-government institutions. Carta' of local self-government. He is called as the father of local- self government in India. By GYAN


  6. HISTORY (v) The Royal Commission on decentralisation was appointed in 1907 and it submitted its report in 1909. Its chairman was Hobhouse. (vi) Under the dyarchical scheme introduced in Provinces by the Government of India Act of 1919, local self-government became a transferred subject under the charge of a responsible Indian minister. (vii) In 1924, the Cantonments Act was passed by the Central legislature. (vii) Under the provincial autonomy scheme introduced by the Government of India Act of 1935, local self-government was declared a provincial subject. By GYAN


  7. Constitutionalisation 1989 - Rajeev gandhi - 65th CA bill nagarpalika bill) passed in LS; not in RS National Front gov - V P singh - again introduced nagarpalika bill lok sabha dissolved PV N Rao-introduced modified Naga rpalika bill in 1991 the 74th Constitutional Amendment Act of 1992 and came into force on 1 June 1993 By GYAN


  8. 74th CAA 1992 act aims at revitalising_and strengthening the urban governments so that they function effectively as units of local government. added part IX- A ; chapter 'The Municipalities' and consists of provisions from Articles 243- P to 243-ZG. Also added Schedule 12 - total eighteen functional items of municipalities. It deals with Article 243-W. gave constitutional status to the municipalities. It has brought them under the purview of justiciable part of the Constitution. State governments are under constitutional obligation to adopt the new system of municipalities in accordance with the provisions of the act. By GYAN


  9. Q-1 Which of the following are voluntary provisions as per the 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act of 1992? 1) Providing representation to members of the Parliament and State Legislature in the Panchayats. 2) Devolution of powers and responsibilities upon Panchayats. 3) Organization of Gram Sabha. a. Only 1 b. 1 and 3 c. 1 and 2 d. All of the above By GYAN


  10. Q-2 Which of the following are functional items in the Eleventh Schedule of the Constitution? 1) Conventional energy. 2) Public distribution system. 3) Small-scale industries. 4) Mining. 5) Fisheries. a. 1, 3,4 b. 1, 2, 4, 5 c. 2, 3, 5 d. 1, 2, 5 By GYAN


  11. SALIENT FEATURES Three Types of Municipalities The act provides for the constitution of the following three types of municipalities in every state. 1. A nagar panchayat (by whatever name called) for a transitional area, that is, an area in transition from a rural area to an urban area. 2. A municipal council for a smaller urban area 3. A municipal corporation for a larger urban area By GYAN


  12. Composition All the members of a municipality shall be elected directly by the people of the municipal area. For this purpose, each municipal area shall be divided into territorial constituencies to be known as wards. The state legislature may provide the manner of election of the chairperson of a municipality. It may also provide for the representation of the following persons in a municipality. 1. Persons having special knowledge or experience in municipal administration without the right to vote in the meetings of municipality 2. The members of the Lok Sabha and the state legislative assembl representing constituencies that comprise wholly or partly the municipal area 3. The members of the Rajya Sabha and the state legislative council registered as electors within the municipal area. 4. The chairpersons of committees (other than wards committees) By GYAN


  13. Wards Committees There shall be constituted a wards committee consisting of one or more wards, within the territorial area of a municipality having population of three lakh or more. The state legislature may make provision with respect to the composition and the territorial area of a wards committee and the manner in which the seats in a wards committee shall be filled It may also make any provision for the constitution of commitees in addition to the wards committees. By GYAN


  14. Disqualifications A person shall be disqualified for being chosen as or for being a member of a municipality if he is so disqualified under any law for the time being in force for the purposes of elections to the legislature of the state concerned; or (b) under any law made by the state legislature (a) However, no person shall be disqualified on the ground that he is less than 25 years of age if he has attained the age of 21 years. Further, all questions of disqualifications shall be referred to such authority as the state legislature determines. By GYAN


  15. Powers andFunctions The state legislature may endow the municipalities with such powers and authority as may be necessary to enable them to function as institutions of self government. Such a scheme may contain provisions for the devolution of powers and responsibilities upon municipalities at the appropriate level with respect to the preparation of plans for economic development and social justice; the implementation of schemes for economic development and social justice as may be entrusted to them, including those in relation to the eighteen matters listed in the Twelfth Schedule. (a) (b) By GYAN


  16. Finances The state legislature may (a) (b) (c) (d) authorise a municipality to levy, collect and appropriate taxes, duties, tolls and fees; assign to a municipality taxes, duties, tolls and fees levied and collected by state government; provide for making grants-in-aid to the municipalities from the consolidated fund of the state; and provide for constitution of funds for crediting all moneys of the municipalities. By GYAN


  17. Finance Commission The finance commission (which is constituted for the panchayats) shall also, for every five years, review the financial position of municipalities and make recommendation to the governor as to: 1. The principles that should govern:(a) The distribution between the state and the municipalities, the net proceeds of the taxes, duties, tolls and fees levied by the state. (b) The determination of the taxes, duties, tolls and fees that may (c) The grants-in-aid to the municipalities from the consolidated fund of 2. The measures needed to improve the financial position of the be assigned to the municipalities. the state municipalities. 3. Any other matter referred to it by the governor in the interests of sound finance of municipalities. By GYAN


  18. Finance Commission The governor shall place the recommendations of the commission along with the action taken report before the state legislature. The central finance commission shall also suggest the measures needed to augment the consolidated fund of a state to supplement the resources of the municipalities in the state (on the basis of the recommendations made by the finance commission of the state). By GYAN


  19. Q 3 - state election commissioner is appointed by A. President B. UPSC C. Governor D. CM By GYAN


  20. Q 5- choose false 1. Courts are barred from interference in electoral matters 2. Urban local body Act doesn't apply to hill areas of Darjeeling; scheduled areas and tribal areas of state. A. 1 only B. 2 only C. Both D. None By GYAN


  21. District Planning Committee In preparing the draft development plan, a district planning committee shall (a) Have regard to- (i) matters of common interest between the Panchayats and the Municipalities including spatial planning, sharing of water and other physical and natural resources, the integrated development of infrastructure and environmental conservation; (ii) the extent and type of available resources whether financial or otherwise; and (b) Consult such institutions and organisations as the Governor may specify. By GYAN


  22. Metropolitan Planning Committee Metropolitan area means an area having a population of 10 lakh or more, in one or more districts and consisting of two or more municipalities or panchayats or other contiguous areas. Every metropolitan area shall have a metropolitan planning committee to prepare a draft development plan. The state legislature may make provisions with respect to the following: 1. The composition of such committees; 2. The manner of election of members of such committees; 3. The representation in such committes of the Central government, state government and other organisations; 4. The functions of such committees in relation to planning and coordination for the metropolitan area; and 5. The manner of election of chairpersons of such committees. By GYAN


  23. Metropolitan Planning Committee The act lays down that 2/3rd of the members of a metropolitan planning_committee_should be elected by the elected members of the municipalities and chairpersons of the panchayats in the metropolitan area from amongst themselves. The representation of these members in the committee should be in proportion to the ratio between the population of the municipalities and the panchayats in that metropolitan area. The chairpersons of such committees shall forward the development plan to the state government. By GYAN


  24. Bar to Interference by Courts in Electoral Matters The act bars the interference by courts in the electoral matters of municipalities It declares that the validity of any law relating to the delimitation of constituencies or the allotment of seats to such constituencies cannot be questioned in any court. It further lays down that no election to any municipality is to be questioned except by an election petition presented to such authority and in such manner as provided by the state legislature. By GYAN


  25. Twelfth Schedule 10. Slum improvement and upgradation; 11. Urban poverty alleviation; 12. Provision of urban amenities and facilities such as parks, gardens, playgrounds; 13. Promotion of cultural, educational and aesthetic aspects; 14. Burials and burial grounds, cremations and cremation grounds and electric crematoriums; 15. Cattle ponds, prevention of cruelty to animals; 16. Vital statistics including registration of births and deaths; 17. Public amenities including street lighting, parking lots, bus stops and public conveniences, and 18. Regulation of slaughter houses and tanneries. By GYAN


  26. 1. Municipal Corporation The Council is the deliberative and legislative wing of the corporation. It consists of the Councillors directly elected by the people, as well as a few nominated persons having knowledge or experience of municipal administration. In brief, the composition of the Council including the reservation of seats for SCs, STs and women is governed by the 74th Constitutional Amendment Act. The Council is headed by a Mayor. He is assisted by a Deputy Mayor. He is elected irn a majority of the states for a one-year renewable term. He is basically an ornamental figure and a formal head of the corporation. His main function is to preside over the meetings of the Council. The standing committees are created to facilitate the working of the council, which is too large in size. They deal with public works, education, health, taxation, finance and so on. They take decisions in their fields. The municipal commissioner is responsible for the implementation of the decisions taken by the council and its standing committees. Thus, he is the chief executive authority of the corporation. He is appointed by the state government and is generally a member of the IAS. By GYAN


  27. Municipality 2. The municipalities are established for the administration of towns and smaller cities. Like the corporations, they are also set up in the states by the acts of the concerned state legislatures and in the union territory by the acts of the Parliament of India. They are also known by various other names like municipal council, municipal committee, municipal board, borough municipality, city municipality and others. Like a municipal corporation, a municipality also has three authorities, namely, the council, the standing committees and the chief executive officer. The council is the deliberative and legislative wing of the municipality. It consists of the councillors directly elected by the people By GYAN


  28. Municipality 2. The council is headed by a president/chairman. He is assisted by a vice- president/vice-chairman. He presides over the meetings of the counci Unlike the Mayor of a municipal corporation, he plays a significant role and is the pivot of the municipal administration. Apart from presiding over the meetings of the Council, he enjoys executive powers. The standing committees are created to facilitate the working of the council. They deal with public works, taxation, health, finance and so on The chief executive officer/chief municipal officer is responsible for day- to-day general administration of the municipality. He is appointed by the state government. By GYAN


  29. 5. Cantonment Board A cantonment board consists of partly_elected and partly The elected members hold office for a term of five vears while the nominated members (i.e., ex-officio members) continue so long as they The military officer commanding the station is the ex-officio president nominated members. hold the office in that station of the board and presides over its meetings. The vice president of the board is elected by the elected members from amongst themselves for a term of five years. By GYAN


  30. 7. Port Trust The port trusts are established in the port areas like Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai and so on for two purposes: (a) to manage and protect the ports; and (b) to provide civic amenities. A port trust is created by an Act of Parliament. It consists of both elected and nominated members. Its chairmarn is an official Its civic functions are more or less similar to those of a municipality. By GYAN


  31. 8. Special Purpose Agency These functional local bodies are established as statutory bodies by an act of state legislature or as departments by an executive resolution. They function as autonomous bodies and deal with the functions allotted to them independently of the local urban governments, that is, municipal corporations or municipalities and so forth. Thus, they are not subordinate agencies of the local municipal bodies. By GYAN


  32. CENTRAL COUNCIL OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT The Central Council of Local Government was set up in 1954. It was constituted under Article 263 of the Constitution of India by an order of the President of India, Originally, it was known as the Central Council of Local Self-Government. However, the term 'self-government' was found to be superfluous and hence was replaced by the term 'government' in the 1980s. Till 1958, it dealt with both urban as well as rural local governments, but after 1958 it has been dealing with matters of urban local government only By GYAN


  33. Q6 - Choose statutory bodies - 1. Notified area committee 2. Municipality 3. Municipal corporation 4. Port trust A. 123 B. 2344 C. 1234 D. None of the above By GYAN


  34. Q 8-Which of the following are true? 1) Notified area committee is neither elected body nor a statutory body. 2) Cantonment Board is setup under Cantonments Act, 2006. 3) There are 5 types of Cantonment boards. 4) The Vice-President of cantonment board is elected for a term of 5 years. 5) The executive officer of the cantonment board is appointed by the President of India. a. 1, 2, 4 and 5 b. 1, 3 and 5 C. 1 and 3 d. All of the above By GYAN