About me Hi to all I am Raghunandan BTECH (CHEMICAL) UPSC ASPIRANT LOVE TO HELP OTHERS, TEACHING IS MY PASSION
WELCOME TO NEW COURSE PT 2018 : INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS SPL FOCUS ON THOSE WHICH ARE IN NEWS FROM JUNE 2017 TO MAY 18 -TARGET AUDIENCE: ALL UPSC STATE PSC ASPIRANTS PLZ RATE REVIEW AND RECOMMEND
1.UNITED NATION AND ITS ORGANS The United Nations is an international organization founded in 1945 after the World War II - Its charter was signed in San Francisco on June 26, 1945 and came into existence on October 24, 1945 after 51 countries have signed the charter Its predecessor, the League of Nations, created by the Treaty of Versailles in 1919 was disbanded in 1946. Its mission is to maintain international peace and security, developing friendlyr standards and human rights. - Headquarter New York
CONT: - Official Languages Arabic, English, French, Chinese, Spanish, Russian - Members - 193 (Latest Member South Sudan) Secretary General - Antonio Guterres (Portugal) - Indian Members in the UN - Soumya Swaminathan, director general of the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), was appointed the deputy director general for programmes at the WHO very recently. International Court of Justice (ICJ). body, the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS). - An Indian Justice Dalveer Bhandari was re-elected as a judge to the - International law expert Neeru Chadha was elected to a top UN judicial
UN Organs :1.1 UN-General Assembly It is the main deliberative organ and composed of all member states, each of which nas one vote. General Assembly appoints Secretary General of UN based on the recommendations given by Security Council. General Assembly elects Non-Permanent members in Security Council and elects Members for - - Social and Economic Council Along with Security Council, General Assembly elects Judges to International Court of Justice. - - Decision on important questions such as those on peace and security, UN budget, admission, - Make p commendations on any matters within the scope of the UN, except matters of peace -UN budget -United Nation is funded by its member states through compulsory and voluntary suspension and expulsion of members to various organs of UN requires special majority. and s curity that are under consideration by the Security Council contributions The size of each state's compulsory contribution depends mainly on its economic strength, though its state of developmentand debt situation are also taken into account. ember countries can make voluntary contribution to UNESCO, WHO, UN Programmes and unds such as Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the UN s Fund (UNICEF).
Recent developments - Venezuela and Libya have been suspended from voting in the UN General Assembly for the third time in 3 years because of millions of dollars in unpaid dues to the world body. - Venezuela is mired in an economicand political crisis and Libya has two rival governments, each backed by an array of militias
1.2 United Nation Security Council (UNSC) The Security Council has primary responsibility for the maintenance of International peace and security - - The council has 15 members: 5 Permanent- US, UK, Russia, France and China and 10 members elected by the General Assembly for 2-year terms - Present ten non-permanent members (with end of term date) are Bolivia (2018) C te d'Ivoire (2019), Equatorial Guinea (2019), Ethiopia (2018) Kazakhstan (2018), Kuwait (2019), Netherlands (2018), Peru (2019), Poland (2019), and Sweden (2018). - While other organs of the UN can only make-recommendationsll to member states, the Security Council has the power to make binding decisions on member states
CONT: - All the membershave one vote and permanent members have veto power. - Decisions on procedural matters should have vote of at least 9 of the 15 members and decision on substantive matters require nine votes and the absence of negative vote by any of the 5 permanent members. The presidency of the Security Councilrotates alphabetically each month. G4 Nations - 4 countries bids for permanent seats in UNSC. They are Brazil, Germany, India, and Japan. Uniting for Consensus (Coffee Club)- These are group of countries who are opposing the expansion of permanent seats in the United Nations Security Council under the leadership of Italy. Other Members in Coffee Club - Spain, Malta, San Marino, Pakistan, South Korea, Canada, Mexico, Argentina, Colombia and Turkey. - - Despite drastic changes in geopolitics and internationalrelations the Council has not been reformed yet.
Proposed Reforms in UNSC The demands for reform of the UNSC is based on five key issues: - 1. Categories of membership (permanent, non-permanent) - 2. The question of the veto held by the five permanent members. 3. Regionalrepresentation - 4. The size of an enlarged Council and its working methods. -5. The relationship between Security Council and General Assembly. Notably, any reform of the Security Councilwould require the agreement of at least two-thirds of UN member states. -Importantly, the agreement of all the permanent members of the UNSC enjoying the veto right is also required.
1.3 Economic and Social Council -It is the principal organ guides sustainable development policies and coordinates the activities of several UN units and organisations working on - It is the principle body for the implementation of internationally agreed - It has 54 members, which are elected by the General Assembly for a three- - Seats in the council are allocated based on geographical representation. development and social and economic issues. development goals year term. 11 of them are allotted to Asian states. Each member of the council has one vote and generally voting in the council is by simple majority. -For the nations to be the elected as members of ECOSOC for a three-year term, it needs two-thirds majority of UN General Assembly votes. The president is elected for a one-year term. -
chemical enggr from DAVUNIVERSITY loves meditation ,yoga and dancing and reading biopics and passionate to learn BE BETTER THAN YOURSELF