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Moderates & Extremists - Indian National Congress (in tamil)
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The Indian National Congress founded in 1885, it was the first modern nationalist movement to emerge in the British Empire in Asia and Africa. From the late 19th century, and especially after 1920, under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi, Congress became the principal leader of the Indian independence movement, with over 15 million members and over 70 million participants. Congress led India to independence from Great Britain and powerfully influenced other anti-colonial nationalist movements in the British Empire. Here in this course I am going to explain Moderates & Extremists

Karthick Selvaraj
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  1. INDIAN NATIONAL CONGRESS MODERATES & EXTREMISTS


  2. MODERATES The Congress leaders in the early stage came from the educated middle class they were called as Moderates They believed in peaceful approach to the government, to redress the grievances & asking for major reforms They believed in giving petition to the government & requesting it for reforms They were loyal & true to the British Government


  3. Surendarnath Banerjee, Dadabai Naoroji Pherozeshah Mehta, Gopalakrishna Gokhale & M.G Ranade were some of the important moderate leaders The demands of moderates were described as Political Mendicancy In the beginning the British Government showed a friendly attitude towards the Congress


  4. When the Congress began to ask for more reforms there was a change in its attitude towards the Congress and it did not pay any attentions to the demand of the Congress


  5. Extremists A section of Congress began to loose faith in the methods of Congress The leaders of the section were Lokmanya Bala Gangadhar Tilak (Bal), Bipin Chndra Pal (Pal), Lala Lajpat Rai (Lal) & Arabind Gosh They had a strong determination to fight for the Indian Independence They advocated a radical way of the political agitation


  6. They did not want to depend on the mercy of the government for independence, on the contrary they believed, it was their right Due to their radical ideas they were called it as Extremists


  7. Gopala Krishna Gokhale Gokhale was a senior leader of the Indian National Congress and founder of the Servants of India Society In 1905, Gokhale was elected as president of the Indian National Congress He was the leader of the moderate faction of the Congress party that advocated reforms by working with existing government institutions Gokhale was famously a mentor to Mahatma Gandhi in latter's formative years In 1912, Gokhale visited South Africa at Gandhi's invitation


  8. Bala Gangadhar Tilak Tilak declared Swaraj is my birth right & I shall have it He had started a news paper Kesari in Marathi through which he contributed a lot in arousing nationalism & anti British sentiments He revived the celebration of Ganapathi & Shivaji festivals to arouse national feelings He also helped find the All India Home Rule League in 1916-18, with G. S. Khaparde and Annie Besant