Central Adoption Resource Authority (CARA) MISSIOonar y of Charity
Context Three years after the Missionaries of Charity (MoC) decided to stop giving chi ldren in its homes up for adoption, it has agreed to join hands with the countr y's nodal agency- Central Adoption Resource Authority (CARA) for adoption. In October 2015, soon after the Central government announced new rules for adoption and made it mandatory for all homes to be linked to the Child Adopti on Resource Authority(CARA), which would be the only body in the country a uthorised to process adoptions, the Missionaries of Charity sought de-recogni tion of its homes.
About CARA Central Adoption Resource Authority Central Adoption Resource Authority (CARA) is a statutory body of Ministry of Women & Child Development, Government of India. It functions as the nodal body for adoption of Indian children and is mandated to monitor and regulate in-country and inter-country adoptions. CARA is designated as the Central Authority to deal with inter-country adoptions in accordance with the provisions of the Hague Convention on Inter-country Adoption, 1993, ratified by Government of India in 2003 CARA primarily deals with adoption of orphan, abandoned and surrendered children through its associated /recognised adoption agencies.
Fundamental principles governing adoption The following fundamental principles shall govern adoptions of children from India, namely:- the child's best interests shall be of paramount consideration, while processing any adoption placement preference shall be given to place the child in adoption with Indian citizens and with due regard to the principle of placement of the child in his own socio- cultural environment, as far as possible all adoptions shall be registered on Child Adoption Resource Information and Guidance System and the confidentiality of the same shall be maintained by the Authority.
Stakeholders in adoption process 1. Central Adoption Resource Authority (CARA) CARA ensures smooth functioning of the adoption process from time to time, issues Guidelines laying down procedures and processes to be followed by different stakeholders of the adoption programme Adoption 2. State Adoption Resource Agency (SARA) State Adoption Resource Agency acts as a nodal body within the State to promote and monitor adoption and non-institutional care in coordination with Central Adoption Resource Authority 3. Specialised Adoption Agency (SAA)-Specialised Adoption Agency (SAA) is recognized by the State Government under sub-section 4 of section 41 of the Act for the purpose of placing children in adoption. 4. Authorised Foreign Adoption Agency (AFAA)- Authorised Foreign Adoption Agency is recognised as a foreign social or child welfare agency that is authorised by Central Adoption Resource Authority on the recommendation of the concerned Central Authority or Government Department of that country for coordinating all matters relating to adoption of an Indian child by a citizen of that country 5. District Child Protection Unit (DCPU)- District Child Protection Unit (DCPU) a unit set up by the State Government at district level under Section means 61A of the Act. It identifies orphan, abandoned and surrendered children in the district and gets them declared legally free for adoption by Child Welfare Committee
Who is eligible to adopt a child? The prospective adoptive parents should be physically, mentally and emotionally stable; financially capable; motivated to adopt a child; and should not have any life threatening medical condition; Any prospective adoptive parent, irrespective of his marital status and whether or not he has his own biological son or daughter, can adopt a child; Single female is eligible to adopt a child of any gender: Single male person shall not be eligible to adopt a girl child; . In case of a couple, the consent of both spouses shall be required No child shall be given in adoption to a couple unless they have at least two years of stable marital relationship; The age of prospective adoptive parents as on the date of registration shall be counted for deciding the eligibility and the eligibility of prospective adoptive parents to apply for children of different age groups shall be as under
How to adopt a child? One can adopt a child only through submission of online application available at www.cara.nic.in and following the procedures provided in the Adoption Regulations, 2017. For further details please visit the website www.cara.nic.in 2 It is now mandatory to register online on CARINGS to adopt a child. If you are not familiar / unable to register online, you can approach the District Child Protection Officer (DCPO) of your district.
Missionary of Charity The Missionaries of Charity was established by the Blessed Mother Teresa o n October 7, 1950 with the sole aim to give 'wholehearted free service to the poorest of the poor. Three vow to join this charity is Chastity, poverty and obedience...to the se added a fourth to give wholehearted free service to the poorest of th e poor. Controversy:A woman working at Mother Teresa's Missionaries of Charity in the eastern Indian state of Jharkhand has been arrested for allegedly selling a 14-day-old baby.
Pankaj Kumar ( BA honours in Economics,with Math,polity and Economics) under Punjab University chandigarh..Currently doing M.A in economics.