TOP 500 POLITY &GOVERNANCE MCQS FOR UPSC 2018 PRELIMS MCQ 1-10 AMIT BAGHEL
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Q1. Consider the following statements: 1. The Rajya Sabha has no power either to reject or to amend a Money Bill 2. The Rajya Sabha cannot vote on the Demands for Grants. 3. The Raiva Sabha cannot discuss the Annual Financial Statement. Which of the statements given above is/are correct? A)1 only B) 1 and 2 only C) 2 and 3 only D) 1, 2 and3
B) 1 and 2 only Article 112 President causes the Annual Financial Statement to be put before both the Houses of the Parliament so it means Raiva Sabha can discuss it Voting on Demands for Grants is prerogative of the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha cannot reject or amend a Money Bil
Q2. Consider the following statements in context of the exemptions given under ADL: 1. Disqualification on ground of defection does not apply in case of merger of political parties in some conditions. 2. A party may merged with another or the two may form a new party, if 2/3rd of the members of the legislature party decide to merge with another party. Which of the statements given above is/are correct? A) 1 only B) 2 only C) Both 1 and 2 D) Neither 1 nor 2
C) Both 1 and 2 First- If a member goes out of his party due to a merger of his party with another party, he won't be disqualified on grounds of defection. Only when 2/3rd members of the party agree to the merger, a merger takes place. Second - On being elected as the presiding officer of the House, if a member, voluntarily gives up the membership of his party or rejoins it after he ceases to hold that office, he won't be disqualified This exemption aims to maintain the dignity and impartiality of this office. Exemption from disqualification in case of split by 1/3rd members of legislature party has been deleted by the 91st Amendment Act of 2003. Thus the defectors have no more protection on grounds of splits.
Q 3. With reference to the Union Government consider the following statements: 1. The Department of Revenue is responsible for the preparation of Union Budget that is presented to the parliament 2. No amount can be withdrawn from the Consolidated Fund of India without the authorization of Parliament of India. 3. All the disbursements made from Public Account also need the Authorization from the Parliament of India Which of the statements given above is/are correct? A) 1 and 2 only B) 2 and 3 only C) 2 only D) 1 ,2 and 3
C) 2 only Department of Economic Affairs prepares the Budget. Provident Fund deposits, savings bank deposits, remittances etc are credited to the Public Account and this account is operated by the executive action i.e. payment from this account can be made without Parliamentary appropriation.
Q 4. Consider the following statements. 1. Article 262 of the constitution empowers the state legislatures to make laws for the adjudication of inter-state water dispute. 2. Water is a State subject as per entry 17 of State List and thus states are empowered to enact legislation on water. 3. The Government of India can constitute a tribunal to hear the disputes concerning claims of water sharing. 4. The members of tribunal are appointed by the Chief justices of India Which of the statements given above is/are correct? A) 1,3 and 4 only B) 1, 2 and 3 only C) 2,3 and 4 only D) All of the above
C) 2 ,3 and 4 only In the case of disputes relating to waters, Article 262 provides: VParliament may by law provide for the adjudication of any dispute or complaint with respect to the use, distribution or control of the waters of, or in, any inter-State river or river valley. Notwithstanding anything in this Constitution, Parliament may, by law provide that neither the Supreme Court nor any other court shall exercise jurisdiction in respect of any such dispute or complaint water. 1. Entry 17 of State List deals with water i.e. water supply, irrigation, canal, drainage, embankments, 2. Entry 56 of Union List gives power to the Union Government for the regulation and development of water storage and water power. interstate rivers and river vallevs to the extent declared by Parliament to be expedient in the public interest.
Q5 There is a Parliamentary System of Government in India because the A) Lok Sabha is elected directly by the people B) Parliament can amend the constitution C) Rajya Sabha cannot be dissolved D) Council of Ministers is responsible to the Lok Sabha
D) Council of Ministers is responsible to the Lok Sabha Collective Responsibility of the Ministers to the Parliament in general and Lok Sabha in particular is the bedrock principle of the Parliamentary system. (Article 75)
D) Neither 1 nor 2 Maximum size of the Council can be 1/3rd of the size of the Assembly. Chairman is chosen from amongst themselves by the members
Q 8. Consider the following statements: 1. The Second Administrative Reforms Commission (ARC) set up in 2005 recommended that the Lokpal be given a constitutional status and renamed the 'Rastriya Lokayukta' 2. In its fourth report on 'Ethics in Governance' the commission recommended steps to bring about greater transparency and accountability in governance at all levels and root out corruption. Which of the statements given above is/are correct? A) 1 only B) 2 only C) Both 1 and 2 D) Neither 1 nor 2
Q 9. Which of the following statements is/are correct? 1. A Bill pending in the Lok Sabha lapses on its prorogation. 2. A Bill pending in the Raiya Sabha, which has not been passed by the Lok Sabha, shall not lapse on dissolution of the Lok Sabha. Which of the statements given above is/are correct? A)1 only B) 2 only C) Both 1 and 2 D) Neither 1 nor 2
B) 2 only Indian Polity by M.Laxmikanth Table 22.1: Statement 1 is wrong- prorogation doesn't affect the bills of any other business pending before the house. Same book, page 22.13 A bill pending in the Rajya Sabha but not passed by the Lok Sabha does not lapse. So, statement 2 is right
Q 10."To uphold and protect the Sovereignty Unity and Integrity of India" is a provision made in the A) Preamble of the Constitute B) Directive Principles of State Policy C) Fundamental Rights D) Fundamental Duties
D) Fundamental Duties Article 51A(c)
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