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Liberal intellectual Principles and amendments to the DPSP.
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In this lesson Rahul Agrawal has explained DPSPs.

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Rahul Agrawal
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  1. All about Directive principles of state policy (DPSP) for UPSC CSE Prelims 2018 -By Rahul Agrawal R. AGRAWAL


  2. Directive Principles of state policy Originally there in the constitution. Part IV (Article 36-51) Dr. BR Ambedkar described DPSP as novel feature R. AGRAWAL


  3. Classification The Constitution does not contain any classification of the Directive Principles. But, on the basis of their content and direction, they can be classified broadly into socialist, Gandhian and liberal-intellectual. R. AGRAWAL


  4. Liberal-Intellectual Principles: 1) to secure for all citizens a uniform civil code. (Art 44) 2) to provide early childhood care and education for all children until they complete the age of 6 years. (Art 45) 3) to organise agricultural and animal husbandry on modern and scientific lines. (Art 48) 4) to protect and improve the environment and to safeguard forests and wildlife. (Art 48A) 5) to protect monuments, places and objects of artistic or historic interest which are declared to be of national importance. (Art 49) 6) to separate the judiciary from the executive in the public services of the state. (Art 50) 7) to promote international peace and security and maintain just and honourable relations between nations; to foster respect for international law and treaty obligations, and to encourage settlement of international disputes by arbitration. (Art 51) R. AGRAWAL


  5. Socialistic Principles: These reflect the ideology of socialism 1) To promote the welfare of the people by securing a social order permeated by social, economic and political justice and to minimise inequalities in income, status, facilities and opportunities. (Art 38) 2) to secure (a) the right to adequate means of livelihood for all citizens; (b) the equitable distribution of material resources of the community for common good; (c) prevention of concentration of wealth and means of production; (d) equal pay for equal work for men and women; (e) preservation of the health and strength of workers and children against forcible abuse; and (f) opportunities for healthy development of children. (Art 39) 3) to promote equal justice and to provide free legal aid to the poor. (Art 39A) 4) to secure the right to work, to education and to public assistance in cases of unemployment, old age, sickness and disablement. (Art 41) R. AGRAWAL


  6. Socialistic Principles: These reflect the ideology of socialism 5) to make provision for just and humane conditions for work and 6) to secure a living wage, a decent standard of life and social and 7) to take steps to secure the participation of workers in the 8) to raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living of people maternity relief. (Art 42) cultural opportunities for all workers (Art 43) management of industries (Art 43A) and to improve public health. (Art 47) R. AGRAWAL


  7. The Gandhian Principles: 1) to organize village Panchayats and endow them with necessary powers and authority to 2) to promote cottage industries on an individual or co-operation basis in rural areas. (Art 3) to promote voluntary formation, autonomous functioning, democratic control, and 4) to promote the educational and economic interests of SCs, STs and other weaker sections 5) to prohibit the consumption of intoxicating drinks and drugs which are injurious to 6) to prohibit slaughter of cows, calves and other milch and drought cattle and to improve enable them to function as units of self government. (Art 40) 43) professional management of co-operative societies. (Art 43B) of the society and to protect them from social injustice and exploitation. (Art 46) health. (Art 47) their breeds. (Art 48) R. AGRAWAL


  8. Features of the directive principles:- 1) These are the ideals that the state should keep in mind while formulative policies, making laws. 2) Constitutional instructions/recommendations to the state. 3) Instrument of instructions. 4) They aim at realizing the high ideals of justice liberty, equality & fraternity. R. AGRAWAL


  9. 5) Seek to establish economic & social democracy in the country. 6) Non justiciable in nature Government cannot be compelled to implement them Not legally enforceable by the courts 7) Also helps court in examining and determining the constitutional validity of a law. R. AGRAWAL


  10. Article 37- "These principles are fundamental in the governance of the country and it shall be the duty of the state to apply these principles in making laws" Moral obligation on the state. R. AGRAWAL


  11. -Real force behind implementation of DPSP is public opinion. 1) A government which rests on popular vote can hardly ignore the directive principles. 2) No ministry can afford light heartedly to ignore the DPSPs. R. AGRAWAL