TODAYS SESSION ON SOCIAL INSTITUTION BY DR MALVIKA KANDPAL
o Institutions are "stable, valued recurring patterns of behavior". .As structures or mechanisms of social order, they govern the behaviour ofa set of individuals within a given community
The concept of institution is one of the most important in the entire field of sociology. In fact, Durkheim has gone to the extent of defining sociology as the science of social institution.
The term "Institution" is sometime used to refer the organizations or . associations and sometimes to . designate a normal principle that defines . cluster of important behaviour, such as marriage and property However, organisation and institutions are two different concepts.
While organization is a group formed to meet a specific goal, e.g. a hospital or a business firm . But institution is not an actual group or association.
A social institution consists of a group of people who have come together for a common purpose. These institutions are a part of the social order of society and they govern behavior and expectations of individuals.
. Social institutions are a system of behavioral and relationship patterns that are densely interwoven and enduring, and function across an entire society . They order and structure the behavior of individuals by means of their normative character. Without social institutions modern societies could not exist.
Social institutions are a system of behavioral and relationship patterns that are densely interwoven and enduring, and function across an entire society They order and structure the behavior of individuals by means of their normative character.
.A social institution is a complex, integrated set of social norms organized around the preservation of a basic societal value. Obviously, the sociologist does not define institutions in the same way, as does the person on the street. .Laypersons are likely to use the term "institution" very loosely, for churches, hospitals, jails, and many other things as institutions.
. It is formed by the group activities controlled by an interrelated set of norms while the group activities have inherent purpose of action that is to satisfy human needs. The examples are schools and madrassas, offices, masjids, churches family, economy and politics
. It is this forces which keeps the functioning and the body itself normal, stabilized and maintains equilibrium. . The structure helps the individuals in shaping their behavior reliable and predictable. The structure is both means and an end in itself. e It can be defined as the mechanism to perform particular functions in time and space.
Definitions of Social Institution
Groups of persons banded together for common purposes . having rights privileges liabilities . goals, or . objectives distinct and independent from those of individual members.
According to Sumner and Keller institution is a vital interest or activity that is surrounded by a cluster of mores and folkways. Sumner conceived of the institution not only of the concept, idea or interest but of a institution as well. By structure he meant an apparatus or a group of functionaries.
Primary Instituitions Sociologists often reserve the term "institution" to describe normative systems that operate in five basic areas of life, which may be designated as the primary institutions. (1) In determining Kinship; (2) in providing for the legitimate use of power; (3) in regulating the distribution of goods and services
Family Economics Religion Education State ill.il@n
. The five primary institutions are found among all human groups. . They are not always as highly elaborated or as distinct from one another but in rudimentary form at last, they exist everywhere. Their universality indicates that they are deeply rooted in human nature and that they are essential in the development and maintenance of orders.
The secondary institutions of education would be College School University Secondary institutions of Education
Major Institutions in Society: Marriage (for regulating sex relationships). Family (for socialising new members and provisions of group life). Kinship (tracing the link/relationship between individuals) Religion (for regulating belief system of a society). Economy (regulates the system of production and distribution or wealth). Polity (procedure for regulation of power structure). Education (provisions of formal leaning process). .
Community: A group of people residing in the same locality and under the same government or a group or class having common interests. Community Service Organizations: Non- profit, charitable organizations dedicated to assisting others meet basic needs, resolve personal or family problems, or improving their community. This includes soup kitchens, rotary clubs, Boys and Girls Clubs, scouts, etc
Dr MALVIKA KANDPAL
l believe pupils catch fire from a teacher who is himself a flame Assistant Professor Gold Medalist in Education Faculty of