KINSHIP TERMINOLOGY LESSON 1
About me . Masters in anthropology Specialization in socio-cultural anthropology . Extensive field research in Kinship. . Post graduation from utkal university odisha e Teaching experience PRESENTED BY- RITA BALIARSINGH
Kinship Terminology means a set of terms used to refer to a kin. It includes terms of address used in different languages or communities for different relatives. It is primarily based on the principle of consanguinity and affinity Lewis Henry Morgan(1818-1881) for the first time studied kinship terms among Iroquois and other native American people.
KINSHIP TERMINOLOGYCLASSIFICATORY DESCRIPTIVE Terminology evolved from single to Complex. Promiscuous stage-> collective sibling marrage > classificatory system> descriptive system Kroeber in his book " neighbouring kin term system" questioned about simple classificatory and descriptive system
Kroeber suggested 8 basic principles of kinship terminology 1. GENERATION 2. AFFINITY 3. COLLATERALITY 4. SEX OF RELATIVES 5. BIFURCATION 6. SEX OF SPEAKER 7. RELATIVE AGE 8. DESCENDENCE
Lowe added another principle(9th principle) i.e. polarity. G.P Murdock describes six terms of kinship terminology According to him, kinship terms are technically classified on the basis of three principles:- a. Mode of use b. linguistic structure c. range of application
HAWAIIAN KINSHIP CLASSIFICATORY SYSTEM Several different relations grouped under single term. Ego distinguishes relatives on the basis sex and generation All male relatives of Ego's parental generation are called 1I father" and all female relatives as" mother" All cousins are classified in the same group as brothers and sisters.
HHAWA IlAN] 1
SUDANESE KINSHIP The most descriptive type-No two types of relatives share the same term. Siblings are distinguished from cousins. These systems are normally prevalent in societies that have substantial class division. MATERAL MATERNAL PATERNIAL S PARALLEL PATERNIAL CROSS COUSIN PARALL EL CoUSIN Ro 38 COUSIN COUS IN
ESKIMO KINSHIP It gives importance to nuclear family. It is marked by bilateral emphasis. Highly descriptive terms are used for Lineal Relatives. Classificatory terms are used for collateral relatives AUNT Moe UNCLE MoB F SI FB CoUSIN EGO SI CoUSIN COUSIA COUSI
I have done masters in Anthropology. I have carried out extensive field study on kinship among the tribes of odisha. I have 15 years of teac