Nitin Gaurav Srivastava is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
About Me Nitin GauraV Srivastava Graduated from National Law University, Jodhpur Batch of 2015 Follow: unacademy.com/user/nitin.gaurav Rate. Review and Share
Bodies of permanent Institutions with the cooperation of states are the subjects' of international law, which come into existence only in the second half of 19th century. Each international organization is the creation of multilateral treaties. These treaties and the other rules which regulate the working of the organizations might be considered as 'International constitutional law' Predominantly the functions of these organizations are promotional being directed primarily to inspire Corporation between States even when they have operational functions such functions will mostly to investigate and recommend rather than to make binding decisions
The powers of these organizations are limited by their constitution. In this sense, they differ from States. Whereas a state possesses the totality of international rights and duties recognized by international law, the Rights and duties of an organization must depend upon its purpose and functions as specified or implied in its constituent documents and practices. The international institutions have international legal personality. The question as to whether these institutions enjoy legal personality in the municipal laws of the states is not answered in a coherent manner. It appears that the states are free to grant or not to grant such personality in their legal systems
THE UNITED NATIONS (UNO) Prior to the UNO, the League of Nations (established by the Treaty of Versailles 1919) aimed to promote international peace and security. The idea of creating an effective Organization was first mooted out in the Atlantic Charter, 1941. The United Nations Declaration, 1942 followed it. The UNO finally came into existence on October 24, 1945.The Organization was formed in San Francisco in 1945 under a permanent Charter (ratified by 5 countries) that had its Inception in conferences (1941-45) held by Nations opposed to the fascist coalition of Germany, Japan, Italy &their satellites. The headquarters has been in New York city since 1946 and the membership consists of 193 Nations
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES The UNO is governed by its Charter, which is the result of a multilateral treaty by its members. It is not only deals with the constitution of the UN but also describes rights and duties of member states The aims/ objects of the UN are set forth in the Preamble, which states that: "We The people of the United Nations" are determined To save the succeeding generations from the scourge of War; e To reaffirm faith in fundamental human rights and in the dignity and worth of the human person; To reaffirm faith in the equal rights of men and women, and all Nations large and small
e To established condition under which justice and respect for international law and international obligations can be maintained To promote social progress, eto. To maintain International peace and security e To ensure that armed forces shall not be used, save in the common interest; and To promote economic and social advancement of all the people The Preamble realizes the fact that' peace is not near absence of War. It sets before the United Nations the object of positively achieving peace by recognizing the worth and dignity of the individual, his fundamental rights and by promoting social progress and better standards of life.
COMING UP Purposes and Principles of UN EXT