INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS CBSE UGC NET JULY'18 LABOUR WELFARE CODE 55 Rate/Review/Comment & Follow me at https://www.unacademy.com/user/barthwal.priyashi
Concept of Industrial Re lations Industrial Relations means relationship that emerge out of day to day working & association of labour & management. According to Dale Yoder: Industrial relations is a relationship between management & employees or among employees & their organizations, that characterise & grow out of employment. Evolution Industrial relations was formed at the end of the 19th century as a middle ground between classical economics and Marxism, with Sidney Webb and Beatrice Webb's Industrial Democracy (1897) being the key intellectual work. Industrial relations has its roots in the industrial revolution which created the modern employment relationship by spawning free labor markets and large-scale industrial organizations with thousands of wage workers , industrial relations was founded by John R. Commons when he created the first academic- industrial relations program at the University of Wisconsin in 1920. Another scholarly pioneer in industrial relations and labor research was Robert F. Hoxie.
Indian Labour Conference(ILC), a tripatite body to solve IR problems in India was also set up in the post independence period. Theoreticalperspectives 1) Pluralist perspective: In pluralism, the organization is perceived as being made up of powerful and divergent sub- groups, each with its own legitimate loyalties and with their own set of objectives and leaders. In particular, the two predominant sub-groups in the pluralist perspective are the managemert and trade unions 2) Unitalist perspective In unitary, the organization is perceived as an integrated and harmonious whole with the idea of "one happy family" in which management and other members of the staff all share a common purpose by emphasizing mutual co-operation. Furthemore, unitarism hasa paternalistic approach: it demands loyalty of all employees and is managerial in its emphasis and application.
Marxist Radical perspective This view of industrial relations looks at the nature of the capitalist society, where there is a fundamental division of interest between capital and labor, and sees workplace relations against this background. This perspective sees inequalities of power and economic wealth as having their roots in the nature of the capitalist economic system. Conflict is therefore seen as a natural outcome of capitalism, thus it is inevitable. and trade unions are a natural response of workers to their exploitation by capital. Significance of Industrial Relations Establishing cordial relationship in industry Contributing to higher efficiency & higher productivity Building effective organization culture Creating group dynamics & synergy
Discouraging the unfair practices of management * Promoting the measures of labour welfare & safety Being instrumental to change Scope of Industrial Relations 1. Development of Healthy Labour Management Relations 2. Maintenance of Industrial Peace 3. Development of Industrial Democracy Approaches to Industrial Relations 1. Psychological Approach 2. Sociological Approach 3. Human Relations Approach 4. Gandhian Approach
5. Socio-Ethical Approach 6. System Approach Industrial Relation System 1. Employers and their Organization 2. Employees and their Organisation 3. Government
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