Roman Saini is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
Labour Welfare Lesson-1 Presented By: Roman Saini
In This Lesson Labour Welfare Indian Labour Force Need For Labour Welfare
Labour Welfare According to ILO, "The labour force is the sum of persons in employment plus persons in unemployment" Together these two groups of the population represent the current supply of labour for the production of goods and services taking place in a country through market transactions in exchange for remuneration. Labour force is one of the main driving force of Indian economy. It has the capability to define the growth and development. . Labour force in India ranges from large numbers of illiterate workers to a sizeable pool of highly educated and skilled professionals .
Labour Welfare There is a sharp divide between organized and unorganized sector in India. . . The stringent laws and rules available for the small proportion of organised labour enables them to fight for their rights. .But the majority of them in the unorganized sector do not have these luxuries and most often they are unemployed with no social security. .Out of India's 1.3 billion population, 70 per cent live in villages and 40-45 per cent can be categorized as the working population. This worker population ratio, has roughly remained the same since Independence.
Labour Welfare . India has amongst the lowest women's labour force participation rates (LFPR) in the world. The gender gap in labour force participation rate is more than 50 percentage points. The lower participation of women in economic activities adversely affects the growth potential of the economy. . Women workers are the most disadvantaged in the labour market as they constitute a very high proportion among the low skilled informal worker category, and are engaged in low-productivity and low paying work. . .Owing to this, women earn very low wages, mostly piece rates in highly insecure jobs.
Labour Welfare India's labour domain is heavily dependent on agriculture which accounts for close to 50 per cent of the total workforce. . The agricultural sector still accounts for 62.7 per cent of India's rural employment. Significantly, agriculture contributes only one sixth of the GDP of the country. . Non-agricultural sector accounts for about half the work force, but it contributes approximately 80 per cent to the total GDP. . . Of the total employment in the organized sector, almost 65 to 70 per cent is in the public sector.
Labour Welfare The majority of workers in India are in informal employment. Wherein 92 per cent of the workforce is in informal employment and less than 10 per cent is in formal employment Post 1990 reforms, due to change in macroeconomic policies and declining public investment in the primary sector strained agricultural sector. This also lead to lack of labour absorption in agriculture. The displaced agricultural labourers were compelled to look for jobs in the non-agricultural sector. Even people find few jobs in manufacturing sector. The share of the manufacturing sector in the overall national income has been stagnant around 15-16 per cent since the early 1990s.
Labour Welfare Even during the periods of high economic growth, employment expansion has been negligible, and has employment elasticity has tended to decline across almost all the sectors during the last three decades. The core of the Indian growth pattern is centered on the expansion of the service sector, which has a predominance of both vulnerable casual and self-employment. . All these has lead to high informalisation of Indian economy
Labour Welfare Need For Labour Welfare .Since India is a developing economy aiming at rapid economic and social development, the necessity of labour welfare is most here. The main aspect of labour welfare is to secure an improved standard of living for the workers, which effects on the worker's psychology and results in an increase in their productive efficiencies The industrial workers in India today constitute functionally a very significant vulnerable element of the country's population. They also contribute substantially to the nation's economy. .
Labour Welfare .The working conditions in Indian industries are not satisfactory. They face lots of problems like long hours of work in unhealthy surroundings, rural attachment, unfriendly factory environment, etc. .Compared to other countries, the percentage of educated workers is very low, and consequently they are not in a position to understand their own interests and interests of employer and the society. Hence labour welfare is required more in India than in other countries. .Indian industries are far behind than other developed countries. Industrial programme is dependent upon the efficiency of labour. Welfare measures motivate the workers and maintain their efficiency and productivity