Roman Saini is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
Ethics In Governance Lesson-1 Presented By: Roman Saini
In This Lesson Ethics In Governance Introduction Features Of Ethics
Ethics In Governance Cowardice asks the question, 'ls it safe?' Expediency asks the question, 'Is it politic? Vanity asks the question, 'Is it popular?' But conscience asks the question, 'Is it right?' And there comes a time when one must take a position that is neither safe, nor politic, nor popular but we must take it because our conscience tells us that it is right. -Martin Luther King, Jr.
Ethics In Governance .Ethics is a set of standards that society places on itself and which helps guide behaviour, choices and actions. The word 'ethics' is from the original Greek term ethikos, meaning 'arising from habit . The crux of ethical behaviour does not lie in bold words and expressions enshrined as standards, but in their adoption in action, in sanctions against their violations, in putting in place competent disciplinary bodies to investigate allegations of violations and impose sanctions quickly and in promoting a culture of integrity.
Ethics In Governance Ethics refers to well-founded standards of right and wrong, which prescribe what humans should do, usually in terms of rights, obligations, social benefits, fairness or particular virtues. . .Thus, ethics relates to the standards of conduct and moral judgements that differentiate right from wrong. .Ethics tells us how moral and immoral our behavior is. It deals with the fundamental relationship between human beings, how we think and act towards others and how we want them to think and act towards us. .Ethics relates to social values which deals with the moral choices we make regarding the other members of society in carrying out our duties. It is therefore only relevant in the context of a society.
Ethics In Governance Ethical principles are universal in nature. They prescribe obligations and virtues for everybody in a society. .They are not only important in business and politics, but also in every human effort. There are no clear borders between ethical and unethical . People therefore often face ethical dilemmas, in which a clear choice is very difficult. The concepts of equity and justice are implicit in ethics. Its primary objective is fair and equitable treatment for all.
Ethics In Governance Action ethics and legality do not necessarily match. What a society considers to be ethical or unethical ends in laws. .The legality of action and decision making is not necessarily ethical. For example, it may be unethical but not illegal to help an injured person in a road accident. .Ethics is not a science of nature but a creation of the mind of man. It is not absolute, therefore, and opens up to the influence of time, place and situation
Ethics In Governance An organization's culture consists of its employees' values, morality, integrity and personal culture. .Ethics is as old as the government itself in the public service. . The quality of democracy and its administration are of fundamental importance for ethical considerations. This can not be overlooked in a time of popular reforms aimed at transforming the ethos of the public service in the name of productivity. . .Ethical claims refer to standards of good behavior that the public has a legitimate right to demand from public servants and organizations.
Ethics In Governance Right behavior not only solely refers to the honest administration of public resources, but additionally to appreciate for the rights and dignity of folks within and outside public organisations. . In addition, good governance translates into a well-founded respect for and confidence of the government on the part of the citizens. . Public service ethics is concerned with much more than simple financial accountability The ethical claims on the government are special and higher because it assumes the obligation to work in the best interests of the people as a whole with special obligations towards vulnerable populations.
Ethics In Governance Most government services are provided irrespective of payment ability, social status or personal qualities or beliefs. There is no similar ethical duty for private institutions. .This means that the ethical bar for the government is higher than for the private sector. Public life ethics is everywhere and must be understood in all its manifestations and dimensions . The unity and stability of society requires ethical restrictions not only on individuals but also on organized groups- industry, business and trade associations, labor unions, political parties, judiciary, non-governmental organisations etc. .
Ethics In Governance Rule of law' measure:s whether crime is properly punished or not; enforceability of contracts; extent of black market; enforceable rights of property; extent of tax evasion; judiciary's independence; ability of business and people to challenge government action in courts etc. . . Absence of graft' measures relative absence of corruption among government, political and bureaucratic officials; of bribes related to securing of permits and licences; of corruption in the judiciary; of corruption that scares off foreign investors