India China Relations Presented by Akash Agrawal
Introduction As big economic and military powers, India and China are key strategic players in the world. Both nations have several similar attributes and problems including large population, huge rural-urban divide, rising economy and conflict with neighbours
Major Irritants Border Disputes India and China share about 3,488-km long border, which is yet to be fully delineated Immediate fallout of the several unresolved territorial claims by both nations, border major relations incursions/intrusions stumbling between India and China have been block to improving The Dalai Lama and Tibet -The Dalai Lama formed a Tibetarn government in exile, which still functions without any real authority over the people. Protests are often staged by Tibetans against China in India and many other countries. China recently opposed to the Dalai Lama's visit to Arunachal Pradesh, particularly Tawang, which it considers as Southern Tibet. -China considers that the visit of the Dalai Lama will have a negative impact on Sino- Indian ties and accused New Delhi of breaching its commitment on the Tibet issue.
Arunachal Pradesh and Stapled Visa Upping its ante against India, China began the practice of issuing stapled visa to residents of Arunachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir. China stopped the practice of issuing stapled visa for the residents of Jammu and Kashmir. But it continues for people living in Arunchal Pradesh. China has for the first time announced "standardised" official names for six places in A - - Pradesh. The official names of the sik places using the Roman alphabet are Wo'gyainling, Mila Ri, Qoid ngarbo Ri, Mainquka, B mo La and Namkapub Ri. String of pearls - China has an undeclared policy of String of Pearls to encircle India. This involves building of ports and naval bases around India's maritime reaches. China is present at Cocos Island in Myanmar, Chittagong in Bangladesh, Hambantota (Sri Lanka), Marao Atoll (Maldives) and Gwadar (Pakistan) Interestingly, China is the only other country than India to have a fully functional embassy in Male.
India, on the other hand, has been trying to develop closer arrangements with the countries surrounding China. India has been able to forge friendly relationships not only with Japan, South Korea and Vietnam but also with the central Asian neighbours of China. River Water Dispute - Brahmaputra River water sharing is the major flashpoint between India and China. China has been building dams (Jiexu, Zangmu and Jiacha) in the upper reaches of the Brahmaputra which is called Tsangpo in Tibet. India has objected to it but there has been no formal treaty over sharing of the Brahmaputra water. Nuclear Suppliers Group China has been blocking India's attemptto entry to this exclusive club on one or the other pretext. Observers say that China is building a case for Pakistan by blocking India's entry.
. Terrorism While India has been unequivocal in condemning terror outfits and identified Pakistan as the biggest source of terrorism, China has defended Pakistan at every single forum. China has blocked India's attempt at the UN for sanctions against Jash-e- Mohammad chief Masood Azhar China-Pakistan-Economic-Corridor (CPEC) India considers building of the CPEC as China's interference in India's sovereignty and territorial integrity. But China has not deterred from going ahead. Bhutan and Nepal . China has been critical of India's role in and its relationship with Bhutan and Nepal. - India has a long tradition of cultural and trade exchanges with both Nepal and Bhutan. India has a security arrangement with Bhutan for protection of its borders. -
Trade imbalance While China is India's largest trade partner, concerns about trade imbalance between the two countries remain, with the imbalance skewed in China's favour The total India-China bilateral trade in 2016 amounted to $70.8 billion. India's trade deficit with China mounted to a whopping $46.56 billion in 2016. -
Cooperation Between India and China Cooperation between India and china Both are members of the BRICS grouping of emerging economies, which is now establishing a formal lending arm, the New Development Bank. India also was a founding member of the China-backed Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank. The two sides are ready to continue cooperation under the framework of Shanghai Cooperation Organization. China welcomed India's full membership of Shanghai Cooperation Organization. - - - Both countries have advocated democratization of international institutions such as World Bank, IMF, etc. China and India have similar stand during WTO negotiations. In the Doha Round of World Trade Organisation (WTO) negotiation, India and China coordinated their stands on several issues. The two sides support a comprehensive reform of the United Nations, including recognizing the imperative of increased participation of developing countries in UN's affairs and governance structures, so as to bing more effectiveness to the UN. -
India and China are member of G-20 grouping UN summits on environment: China and India, being the main targets of criticism by the US and its friends, have so far successfully coordinated their strategies in the environmental summits.
India China Border Disputes Former Chinese special envoy Dai Bingguo said that the border dispute between China and India can be resolved if New Delhi accepts Beijing's claim over strategically vital Tawang region in Arunachal Pradesh. Dai Bingguo suggested that flexibility from India over the "eastern boundary" in Arunachal Pradesh could yield flexibility from China over "other areas", that is, the western boundary in J&K. In terms of length, India shares 3,488 kms of border with China. The Sino-Indian border is generally divided into three sectors namely: (i) The Western sector, (ii) The Middle sector, and (iii) The Eastern sector. The Western Sector The Indian boundary with China in the western sector is about 2152 km long. It is between Jammu and Kashmir and Xinjiang (Sinkiang) province of china
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