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Introduction (in Hindi)
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Saumya Mehra is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Saumya Mehra
Discovering myself | An Avid Reader | Post Graduated | 6 years' Experience | Loves to Teach |

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  2. Introduction

  3. Meaning of Language Language is the most important aspect in life of all beings. Language can be defined as verbal, physical, biologically innate and a basic form of communication. Language is a medium through which one can express one's ideas, thoughts, feelings, etc. Different languages are spoken in the world. It is very difficult to ascertain how these languages originated. It is HLIIL believed that people started conveving message through signals, postures, gestures, etc. So, we can say that language is a communication that uses arbitrary signals such as voice, sounds, gestures, and written symbols.

  4. According to Edward Sapir, Language is a purely human and non- instinctive method of communicating ideas, emotions and desires by means of system of voluntarily produced symbols. Language helps express our feelings, desires, and queries to the world around us. Words, gestures and tone are utilized in union to portray a broad spectrum of emotion. Language learning and its acquisition plays a H pivotal role in our society. Language teaching in a class room involves interaction among the learners and the teacher. The aim is to bring about HI a change in the learners. Language teaching does not operate in isolation from other aspects of life.

  5. Thus, we can say that language means system of sounds, words, patterns used by humans to communicate their thoughts and feelings. So language is the source of expression of thought by means of speech sounds. Language is the most powerful, convenient and permanent means and form of communication

  6. Characteristics of Language

  7. 1. Language is a means of communication Various non-linguistic symbols such as signals of various kinds, traffic lights, road signs, and flags are also means of communication, but language is the best means of self-expression. With the help of language human beings express their thoughts, desires, emotions,- feelings, happiness, sadness then human beings store knowledge, transmit message, transfer of knowledge and experience from one person to another, from one place to another place, from one generation to another generation. It is language which links present past T and future together.

  8. 2. Language is Social Phenomenon Human beings express their thoughts, feelings and knowledge throughE language. Language is the first source of communication. For better communication system it is necessary that language should be used in a good manner. Language has to play a good role in mass communication.H With the help of language human beings interact with each other. Language is a social institution

  9. 3. Language is learned The learning process may be natural or structured. 4. Language is a system- The complexity of the various facets of it are organically inter-related, such as, sounds, words and structures in integrated with one another and constitute the complex and organic whole which is called lanquage. e is a system of symboiswhen the symbols are lts effectiveness consists in its usage when the symbols are commonly shared and known to all those who are sharing a common experience

  10. Worksheet

  11. MCQ -2 While translating a subject and using the translation in the mainstream curriculum, the benefit is a) b) c) promoting national identity enriching linguistic capacity and appreciation enabling teachers who are not competent in the mainstream language to take classes standardizing cultural identity d)

  12. MCQ -3 The most important aspect of an effective language classroom is to provide learners with an opportunity to a) interact b) interfere c) assess d) imitate

  13. MCQ -5 While teaching language to learners a teacher should teach a) integrated manner b) by giving instruction c) through imitation d) in isolation

  14. While teaching language to learners a teacher should teach a) integrated manner b) by giving instruction c) through imitation d) in isolation