Saumya Mehra is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
Introduction to the concepts of Cognition and Emotion
Cognition and Emotions Cognition refers to the processes such as memory, attention and language, problem solving and planning Emotion is an essential and fundamental aspect of teaching- learning process. Cognition and emotion plays a constructive role in the learning process of students. bisif ntall aspect ot
Cognition Cognition is term refers to the mental processes involved in gaining knowledge and comprehension. These abilities change with age. As the child grows, their thinking becomes mature and efficient. These processes include thinking, knowing, remembering, judging and problem-solving. These are higher-level functions of the brain and encompass language, imagination, perception and planning. The development of cognition means development of all these abilities. . . hhanges as result of boh age and increased experience
Component of Cognition The various components of cognition are as follows: 1. Perception: It allows us to organize and understand the world through stimuli that we receive from our different senses, like sight, hearing, taste, smell and touch 2. Memory: It is the cognitive function that allows us to code, store and recover information from the past.
Component of Cognition 3. Thought: Thought is the fundamental to all the cognitive processes. It allows us to integrate all of the information. 4. Language:- Language is the ability to express our thoughts and feelings through the spoken and the written word. 5. Learning Learning is the cognitive process that we use to incorporate new information into our prior knowledge. It includes things as diverse as behaviors or habits and knowledge.
Cognition Development in Children It is the field of study focusing on a child's development in terms of information processing, conceptual resources, language learning and other aspects of brain development. It is the emergence of the ability to think and understand In piaget's four cognitive stages during childhood development, cognition develops: 1. 2. 3. 4. Sensorimotor Stage Pre-operational Stage Concrete Operational Stage Formal Operational Stage
Sensorimotor Stage During this stage, children learn about the world through their senses and the manipulation of objects. In this period, intelligence is demonstrated through motor activity without the use of symbols. Children acquire object permanence at about seven months of age(memory). Ex- If you show a five month old a toy, he gets excited. If you hide the toy the child soon forgets that any toy even existed. This is because she thinks out of sight is out of mind. Physical development allows the child to begin developing new intellectual abilities. . . IS IS .
Pre-operational Stage During this stage, children develop memory and imagination. They are also able to understand things symbolically, and to understand the ideas of past and future. In this period, intelligence is demonstrated through the use of symbols, language use matures, and memory is developed but thinking is done in a non-logical manner. . .
Concrete operational Stage . During this stage, children become more aware of external events as well as feelings other than their own. They become less egocentric and begin to understand that not everyone shares their thoughts, beliefs and feelings. . In this stage, intelligence is demonstrated through logical and and systematic manipulation of symbols. Operational thinking develops.
Formal operational Stage During this stage, children are able to use logic to solve problems and plan for the future. In this stage, intelligence is demonstrated through the logical use of symbols related abstract concepts. They begin to understand another point of view can exists. They are also able to focus on more than one aspect of a situation and go back and forth on their thinking .
Emotion Emotion is one type of effect of a stimulus other types being mood, temperament and sensation. An emotion is a type of mental state that interacts with other mental states and cause certain behaviors. .Emotions are part of the state of the mind. The variety of emotions increases with age. The basic emotions of joy, fear, anger are visible in infants. Gradually as a sense of self develops, children begin to relate with people around them and value their opinions. The expression of emotion also changes with age. As children grows older, their responses changes.
Emotion Emotions have two resources namely direct perception and ideas(indirect) Emotions and thinking are inversely related. Emotions are always accompanied by some internal changes which are known only ot the individual who has experienced the emotions.
MCQ-1 What one of the following is best suited for emotional development of children? a) democratic classroom environment b) no involvement of the teachers as it is the task of the parents c) controlled classroom environment d) authoritarian classroom environment
Emotions is originated through... a) habits b) instincts c) physical development d) formation of concepts
MCQ-3 While appearing in an assessment, Devika finds her arousal as energizing, whereas Rajesh finds his arousal as discouraging. Their emotional experiences are most likely to differ with respect to a) b) c) d) the level of adaptation the intensity of thought the duration of time the extremity of emotion
While appearing in an assessment, Devika finds her arousal as energizing, whereas Rajesh finds his arousal as discouraging. Their emotional experiences are most likely to differ with respect to a) b) c) d) the level of adaptation the intensity of thought the duration of time the extremity of emotion
According to piaget's stages of cognitive development, the sensorimotor stage is associated with. a) concerns about social issues b) imitation, memory and mental representation c) ability to solve problems in logical fashion d) ability to interpret and analyze options
MCQ-5 The following skills are involved in emotional intelligence except a) criticism of emotions b) amicable relation with class fellows c) awareness of emotions d management of emotions
MCQ-6 Following are some techniques to manage anxiety due to an approaching examination, except a) b) c) d) familiarizing with the pattern of question paper thinking too much about the result seeking support emphasizing strengths
MCQ-7 Students observe fashion shows and try to imitate models. This kind of imitation may be called a) Social learning b) Primary simulation c) Generalization d) Secondary simulation
Students observe fashion shows and try to imitate models. This kind of imitation may be called a) Social learning b) Primary simulation c) Generalization d) Secondary simulation
MCQ-8 All the following facts indicate that a child is emotionally and socially fit in a class except a) Manage both anger and joy effectively b) Develop good relationships with peers c) Concentrate persistently on competition with peers d) Concentrate on and persist with challenging tasks
All the following facts indicate that a child is emotionally and socially fit in a class except a) Manage both anger and joy effectively b) Develop good relationships with peers c) Concentrate persistently on competition with peers d) Concentrate on and persist with challenging tasks
The stress affects performance in examinations. This fact reflects which of the following relationships? a) cognition-emotion b) stress-omission c) performance- anxiety d) cognition- competition
MCQ-10 According to piaget, a child between 2 to 7 years is in the of cognitive development. stage a) formal operational b) concrete operational c) sensorimotor d) pre-operational