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1. Who appoints the Prime Minister? a) Council of Ministers b) President c) Majority party d) Lok Sabha
Article 75 of the Constitution specifies that the appointment of the Prime Minister will always be done by the President. The President doesn't have full freedom in choosing though because he has to act according certain protocols. * The President appoints the leader of the majority party in Lok Sabha. When such majority is lacking he appoints the leader of the largest party in Lok Sabha and asks him to seek a vote of confidence that must be produced within a month.
2. Consider the following statements. Which among them are true? 1) Article 75 provides information on the appointment and selection of Prime Minister 2) A person must always prove his majority in Lok Sabha BEFORE his appointment as Prime Minister by the President 3) A person may be appointed as Prime Minister by the President who must prove his majority LATER 4) A person who is not a member of Lok Sabha or Rajya Sabha can be appointed as Prime Minister a) Only 1 and 2 b) Only 1, 3 and 4 c) Only 1, 2 and 4 d) Only 1
Article 75 of the Constitution specifies that the appointment of the Prime Minister will always be done by the President. And according to Delhi High Court's decision in 1980, a person may be appointed as Prime Minister by the President who must prove his majority later within a reasonable period. . Also, in 1997 the Supreme Court declared that A person who is not a member of Lok Sabha or Rajya Sabha can be appointed as Prime Minister who must get appointed (either elected or nominated) to either of the Houses within 6 months.
3. Consider the following 4 statements. Which among them are true? 1) Prime Minister of India must only be a member of Lok Sabha 2) Prime Minister of India can be a member of both Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha 3) British Prime Minister must only be a member of the Lower House 4) British Prime Minister can be a member of the Lower House as well as Upper House a) Only 1 and 3 b) Only 1 and 4 c) Only 2 and 3 d) Only 2 and 4
Prime Ministers of India have been members of the Rajya Sabha: Indira Gandhi (1966), Deve Gowda (1996), Manmohan Singh (2004). But in UK, the Prime Minister must necessarily be a member of the Lower House (also called as House of Commons) alone.
4. Who administers oath to the Prime Minister? a) President b) Chief Justice of India c) Senior-most judge of Supreme Court d) none of the above
It is the President who administers oaths of office and secrecy to the Prime Ministeir.
Prime Minister's term is not fixed in the Constitution, unlike that of the President which is 5 years. The Prime Minister remains in office as long as he has the majority in Lok Sabha, and until he enjoys this majority he cannot be removed by the President either. The Prime Minister's term ends when he loses the confidence of the Lok Sabha.
* The Prime Minister does not "directly" appoint the Council of Ministers, but he advices the President on who should be appointed and it is the President who does the task of direct appointing.