Either or Either or is used in sentences in a positive sense meaning "one or the other, this or that. he or she, etc." Verb conjugation depends on the subject (singular or plural) closest to the conjugated verb. Either Ram or the girls need to attend the course. (second subject the girls plural) Either Ram or Shyam is going to visit next weekend. (second subject 'Shyam 'singular) Either the students or the teacher is writing on the board at the moment. (second subject the teacher'singular) They will either do the work ese return the money. X They will either do the work or return the money.
Neither nor Neither. nor is used in sentences in a negative sense meaning "not this one nor the other, not this nor that, not he nor she, etc.". Neither he nor his friends is reading. (Incorrect) Neither he nor his friends are reading. (Correct) Correlative conjunctions should be followed by the same part of speech. Incorrect: He neither agreed to my proposal nor to his. Correct: He agreed neither to my proposal nor to his
Not only...but also Not only does he read but also writes.v( Inversion Rule ) Ram is not only handsome but also intelligent. (Here one person two qualities) Not only India but also Pakistan is poor. (Here two persons-common quality) When two subjects are joined by (Not only-but also) the verb must agree with the 'second subject Ex-Not only the students but also the teacher are playing. (incorrect) Not only the students but also the teacher is playing. (Correct)
Not only....but also He ate not only bananas but also apples. He not only comes for dancing but also for training the learners. (Incorrect) He comes not only for dancing but also for training the learners. (Correct)
Scarcely' and 'Hardly' are followed by 'WHEN' and not by THAN'. Ex.-I had Scarcely entered the room WHEN the phone rang. Hardly had he seen his father when he stopped dancing scarcely had he entered the room when the phone rang Hardly had he reached the school when it began to rain.
Unacademy Top Educator 2017. Faculty of English at Testbook , CGL Mains - 2016 Qualified.