ABOUT ME Name: Pallavi Bhatnagar Educational Qualifications: B.Sc in Paramedicine : MCA : Pursuing CA Awarded AIR-532 in NIIT IT Talent Hunt Awarded Star Performer for three auarters in IBM Global Services Pvt. Ltd. Awarded Participatory Certificate at International Legal Essay Competition. Cracked various written examinations of Banks, SSC CGL Appeared for UPSC CSE for two prior years. "Hobbies: Reading, Playing Guitar and Poetry.
INTRODUCTION system of government in which the power is divided between A S a central authority and its various constituent units of the country. A federation involves two levels of government- one for the government for the entire country and other at the level of provinces of states Federation at the country level deals with the matters of common national interest Federation at the state level deals with the administration of day to day governance of their state. -Both are enjoying their powers independent of each other. Both these governments are answerable to each other.
FEATURES OF FEDERALISM Two or more levels of government Jurisdiction of different tiers of government. Approval by both the levels of government for the constitutional amendment. Judiciary has a power to interpret for any disputes between the governments. Sources of revenue is ensured for financial autonomy of each state and the union Dual objectives- to promote unity to accommodate regional diversity. Principle of mutual trust and agreement to live together. Constitutionally quaranteed.
TYPES OF FEDERALISM Coming together federation Holding together federation Union list: Subjects of national importance State list: Subjects of local importance Concurrent list: includes subjects of common interest Types of List : Union government will only make laws on these subjects : State government will make laws on these subject:s : Both union and state can make laws but in case of conflict decision of only union government will prevail
WAYS TO PRACTICE Linguistic States: disintegration of state on the basis of language Language policy: langquages are recognised as scheduled languages in the constitution which can be used as oficial language apart from Hindi and thus no language is bound to be used by government offices. Centre-State relations: India follows the principle of being a federal country so centre and states work independently of each other except in a case where coalition is formed.
DECENTRALISATION Facts: Through 73rd and 74th Constitutional amendment in our country, the powers were given to local government under the concept of decentralisation These local governments are known as Panchayats in rural areas and Municipal bodies in urban areas It is mandatory to hold elections in local self government. Seats are reserved for women, scheduled caste and scheduled tribes. State election commission is responsible to conduct elections for local government The powers and funds are being shared by state governments to local self governments for their working.
Composition Gram Panchayat: consists of panch : directly elected by adult population in that area : decision making body for the entire village. Panchayat Samiti: Also known as block or mandal. : elected by all panchayat members Zilla Parishad: collection of samitis or mandals Chairperson is the political head of zilla parishad Municipal corporations: controlled by elected bodies : Mayor is the political head of the body
QUESTION FOR TODAY Which of the following are correctly matched? 1. Union of India- Prime Minister 2. Gram Panchayat- Mayor 3. Municipality- Sarpanch 4. State- Governor Choose the correct answer: a. 1,2 and 3 b. 2,3 and 4 c. 1 and 4 d. 2 and 3 Answer: c