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Educational, Judicial, & Administrative Reforms During British Era Lesson1 By Dr. Roman Saini
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Topics Covered Educational Reforms under the British rule . First Phase (1758 1813) Second Phase (1813 - 1854)
Educational Reforms under the British rule Education is the key to unlock the golden door of freedom which can change the world. With the British policies and measures breached the legacies of traditional schools of learning and this resulted in the need for creating a class of subordinates. To achieve this goal, they introduced a series of acts to create an Indian canvas of English colour through the education system. . .
To rule in India, they planned to educate a small section of upper and middle classes to create a class "Indian in blood and colour but English in taste" who would act as interpreters between the Government and the masses. . This was also called the "downward filtration theory". . The following steps and measures were taken by the British for the development of Education in India. The chronological development of Education during the British Period in India is discussed below: .
Education under the British rule in India: (1757-1947) LORD DOLHOUSIE (1848 1856) ENDOF COLONIAL RULE FIRST PHASE (1758 1813) WARDHASCHEME (INDIA) 1757 1857 1937 1947 CROWN"S RULE (1858 1947) SECONDPHASE (1813 1854)
First Phase (1758 -1813) * In 1781, Warren Hastings setup the Calcutta Madrasa for the study . In 1791, Jonathan Duncan started a Sanskrit College at Varanasi, and teaching of Muslim law and related subjects. where he was the Resident, for the study of Hindu law and philosophy Fort William College was training institute for the British, founded at Bombay in 1800 They promote modern secular westernized education in India.
Second Phase (1813 -1854) In 1813, the Charter Act incorporated the principle of encouraging learned Indians and promoting the knowledge of modern sciences in the country The Act directed the Company to spend the sum of one lakh of rupees for the purpose But even this petty amount was not made available by the Company authorities till 1823. . .
Even among those who wanted to spread Western learning, differences arose on the question of the medium of instruction to be adopted in modern schools and colleges. Some recommended the use of Indian languages, called vernaculars at the time, for the purpose, while others advocated the use of English. Many failed to distinguish between English as a medium and as a subject for study and between Indian languages as medium and traditional Indian learning as the main object of study. . .
Anglicist View On Education . They wanted English to be the medium of instruction during Britislh rule in all institutions for the spread of education. They thought that there should be education which is useful and practical and that does not meet the demands of Indians. They thought that people should be aware of the developments in Western science and technology by reading European language. They thought that teaching of English could be a way of civilising the people, changing their tastes, values, and culture. . . .