Awdhesh Singh is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
Development (Course: Class X NCERT -Basics of Economics) Dr Awdhesh Singh, Director, Awdhesh Academy Former Commissioner, Customs and Indirect Taxes
.B Tech from IIT-BHU Varanasi, M Tech from IIT-Delhi &PhD IIITM-Gwalior in 2008 Joined IRS (C&IT) in 1991. Received WCO Certificate of Merit in 2011 Received Presidential Award from Government of India in 2016 Took VRS in October 2016 in the rank of Commissioner . Fifth Most Followed Writer on Quora in the world with around 2.5 lakhs followers and over 118 Million Answer views . Authored four bestselling books on the topic of Spiritual Intelligence Leadership, Myths, and GST .New book '31 Ways to Happiness' has been released recently Book on 'Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude' is expected to be released soon Follow Me @ 2I Director, Awdhesh Academy unacademy.in/user/aksinghirs AwdheshSingh.com
Meaning of development Development means different things to different people. People seek things that are most important for them and can fulfil their aspirations or desires. For example, . a landless rural labourers wants more days of work and better wages, local school is able to provide quality education for their children; there is no social discrimination and they too can become leaders in the village etc. A prosperous farmer wants an assured high family income through higher support prices for their crops and through hardworking and cheap labourers;
Different goals for people Material Goals Regular work, Better wages, Decent price for their crops or other products that they produce. . More income. Nonmaterial goals Equal treatment, . freedom, security, and respect of others. Non discrimination.
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Conflicting goals . Different persons could have different as well as conflicting goals. A girl wants as much freedom and opportunity as her brother, and that he also shares in the household work. Her brother may not like this. . An industrialist may want dam to get more electricity, which may be resented by the tribal who have to be displaced
Case Study .A vessel dumped 500 tonnes of liquid toxic wastes into open- air dumps in a city and in the surrounding sea. This happened in a city called Abidjan in Ivory Coast, a country in Africa. The fumes from the highly toxic waste caused nausea, skin rashes, fainting, diarrhoea etc. After a month seven persons were dead, twenty in hospital and twenty six thousand treated for symptoms of poisoning A multinational company dealing in petroleum and metals had contracted a local company of the Ivory Coast to dispose the toxic waste from its ship.
Questions (i) Who are the people who benefited and who did not? (ii) What should be the developmental goal for this country?
Measuring development and Per capita income There can be many criteria to measure the development of a country. However, for comparing countries, their (average) income is considered to be one of the most important attributes. .Average income of a country is the total income of the country divided by its total population The average income is also called per capita income.
Classification of countries . Countries with per capita income of US$ 12236 per annum and above in 2016, are called rich countries. The countries with per capita income of US$ 1005 or less are called low-income countries. India comes in the category of low middle income countries because its per capita income in 2016 was just US$ 1840 per annum. The rich countries are generally called developed countries