DEMOCRACY IN THE --"CONTEMPORARY WORLD Chapter-1
THE MARCH OF DEMOCRACY o In 1900 there were only a few democratic states. o After the Second World War, in 1950, more countries were added o The newly independent nations of Asia chose democracy o In 1975 colonies in Africa had become independent and most of them chose democracy as a form of government. o A giant leap was taken in 1991. o The fall of the Soviet Union created 15 new states and more democracies.
TWO TALES OF DEMOCRACY o Many countries struggled for democracy, suffered setbacks. o 1.In Chile, the democratic government of Allende was overthrown in 1973, and Pinochet became the military ruler o Democracy was restored again in Chile in 1988. o 2.In Poland, a non-democratic country, a one- party rule was replaced by democracy under Lech Walesa.
Two FEATURES OF DEMOCRACY o Democracy, hence, oPeople have the is a form of government that allows people to choose their ownfreedom to protest leaders freedom to express their views, freedom to organise and against injustice
PHASES IN THE EXPANSION OF DEMOCRACY o By 2005, 140 countrieso In Myanmar the elected leader Aung San Suu Kyi has been imprisoned by the military rulers (1990) have held multi-party elections oMore than 80 countries have made advances towards democracy since 1980 o No amount of international support has helped in her release o Stills there are many countries where people cannot elect their leaders
DEMOCRACY AT GLOBAL LEVEL o Is it possible to have democracy at global level? Not at o The UN, the IMFand the World Bank are global o They attempt to maintain peace and security among o They give loans and money to governments. present. associations of the world. the countries of the world.
o They are not fully democratic. o Five countries - US, UK, France, China and Russia_ have the veto power in the Security Council. o The World Bank has a US President always and the International Monetary Fund is in the hands of seven powerful nations.
ROMOTION OF DEMOCRACY o Many powerful countries like the USA believe that democracy should be promoted in the world _ even by force o Powerful countries have launched attacks on non emocratic countries. Hx. Iraq o USA and its allies attacked and occupied Iraq without UN sanction, on the pretext of Iraq possessing nuclear weaponS o They have even held forced elections o The urge for democracy should come from the people and should not be imposed.
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